Proteger as senhas de um no mundo on-line tem sido sempre importante, ainda hoje levanta ainda questões mais graves sobre a consciência dos usuários de segurança. Alguns dias atrás, foi relatado na notícia sobre um grupo cibercrime da Rússia que conseguiu roubar 1.2 bilhão de senhas e nomes de usuários de mais de 400 000 sites. Estas ameaças de segurança tem que ser levado muito a sério, e os usuários precisam fazer todo o possível para proteger suas senhas. Há algumas coisas que os consumidores podem fazer para proteger suas senhas.
Pense Senhas fortes
Os chamados senhas fortes são aqueles que são difíceis de crack. Eles consistem de pelo menos oito caracteres ou até mais e eles não incluem o nome de usuário, o verdadeiro nome e qualquer outra informação pessoal que possa identificar o usuário. Como regra, a melhor possível senha é uma combinação de letras maiúsculas e minúsculas, números e caracteres especiais.
Não use uma senha
Many people use one password to enter in all their accounts. This is very wrong as once the hacker gets access to one’s account information, he / she can also gain access to all the accounts. For that reason and to protect one’s personal information, the user shall have a unique password for each account. By having different passwords for the various logins, the hackers will not be able to access your accounts using the same information.
Change the Passwords on the Most-Important Sites
Para estar do lado seguro, users should change the passwords they are using on the websites that contain private data – a lot of personal information, as well as financial details. The cybercrime groups that have the user’s credentials will try to use them in order to access more information on the user’s other accounts. portanto, for security awareness purposes, the user should not use one and the same password on several sites. The hackers usually try to use the stolen credentials on several websites.
Check Carefully the Email Credentials
Many users do not seem to understand that their email account can open the door to everything they do online. Users often reset their passwords on other websites they are using and get a recovery password link on their email account. Users should better save the information elsewhere and delete these emails. They should also not open emails from unknown senders and should not click on suspicious email attachments and links that look strange and that are sent through email, messages or social networks. The confidential information concerning the passwords should also not be sent by emails.
Use the Two-Factor Authentication
Nowadays most of the websites offer the so-called two-step authentication. This allows for a second gate of security to the user’s account. The users are asked to enter their password and then to enter a second code that they receive on their mobile device through a text message or they get a token generator set to the login to the site. Not all users are happy with the two-factor authentication as it brings complexity while logging in, yet it highly improves the security of the account. This two-factor authentication is excellent to use, especially with your most important accounts.
According to information provided from experts in this filed, the average user has twenty-five accounts that require passwords and only five different passwords. The users should think of more creative passwords and change them regularly, at least on the most important accounts they have. The experts further say that almost 80 % of data breaches can be eliminated if people use the two-factor authentication.