Vulnerabilities are Coming from the CMS Plug-Ins
The content management systems are in the focus of the cyber criminals due to the availability of plug-ins, large attack surfaces themes and extensions. The news reports in the last few months revealed an increased number of vulnerabilities and attacks on the most popular content management systems.Being the most popular of these platforms, the websites running on WordPress received the largest number of attacks – on the average 24 % more than the rest of the websites running on other CMS platforms. The malware researchers state that this is normal, since more than 75 million sites are running on WordPress, compared to Drupal with just a bit over 1 million sites. The attacks however do not mean that WordPress is less secure, just that it is the most popular content management system.
All known platforms, including WordPress, Drupal and Joomla have been subject to various flaws, where most of them are coming from third-party plug-ins used for website customization and not from the code.
Thee developers of Automatic which is guarding the code base of WordPress are highly praised by the security experts. The independent researcher Ryan Dewhurst has recently released WPScan Vulnerability Database. It presents the vulnerabilities of WordPress he had collected over the years. Despite of these flaws, the tester has very positive opinion about the development team of Word Press and thinks that this team is making everything possible to develop secure software with no flaws in the code.
According to the IT expert Ryan Dewhurst, the severe vulnerabilities are coming from the plug-ins and the themes, which are written by third-party developers, who are lacking experience in the security field. The surface of the attacks is also quite large. The Automatic developers state that the WordPress community has more than 33 000 different plug-ins and others in the pipeline. Yet, it is not only WordPress that has a problem with the plug-ins. These flaws are general issue for the other CMS platforms as well.
50 000 websites hacked via MailPoet Newsletters plug-in for WordPress
The major CMS frameworks are characterized by an open-source and are extensible, so people decide to add modules, extensions and plug-ins. Naturally, this large number of plug-ins is very difficult to be controlled as they are written by many different people of various backgrounds. Due to all that, the vulnerability reports concerning the CMS frameworks are abundant in malicious hacks and proof-of-concepts. In the summer of 2014, more than 50 000 websites were hacked because of the vulnerability found in the MailPoet Newsletters plug-in for WordPress. In September 2014 more than 60 000 websites were affected by the scripting vulnerability found in Mollum – the content moderation module for Drupal. During the same month was also found a vulnerability in the Joomla’s extension VirtueMart that could give attackers full control of an affected site and database.
The CEO of High-Tech Bridge Ilia Kolochenko says that the difficulty comes with the fact that the plug-ins could not be avoided. This is so as the website owners will always look for specific customized features on their websites that the regular CMS cannot offer. Naturally, the main CMS platforms also struggle from new vulnerabilities, yet these are just a minority compared to the rest of the attacks and are fairly easy to exploit. The IT specialists and researchers say that the companies should not be so vigilant in updating their CMS frameworks. They should also work with plug-ins created by larger development companies.
- Guide 1: How to Remove from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove
Step 2: Uninstall and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove malware from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts, programs and malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the will be removed.
Eliminate from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.