.cap Files Virus (Dharma Ransomware) – Remove It

.cap Files Virus (Dharma Ransomware) – Remove It

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.cap files virus ransomware note

The .cap files virus is new virus threat that is derived from the Dharma ransomware family. Its main goal is to encrypt user data with a strong cipher. This gives the hackers the ability to blackmail the victims into paying them a “decryption fee”. When the encryption process has completed alongside all other components that make up the .cap files virus the users will see that their files are renamed with the .cap extension. Like other similar Dharma virus it will produce either a ransom note or a lockscreen instance aiming to manipulate the users into paying the hackers.

In this article, you will find more information about .cap files virus as well as a step-by-step guide on how to remove malicious files from the infected system and how to potentially recover files encrypted by this ransomware.

Threat Summary

Name.cap files virus
TypeRansomware, Cryptovirus
Short DescriptionA data locker ransomware designed to damage computer systems and encrypt valuable personal fles.
SymptomsImportant files are locked and renamed with the .cap extension. Ransom message insists on payment for a files decryption tool.
Distribution MethodSpam Emails, Email Attachments
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by .cap files virus


Malware Removal Tool

User ExperienceJoin Our Forum to Discuss .cap files virus.
Data Recovery ToolWindows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.

.cap Files Virus (Dharma Ransomware) – Distribution and Impact

.cap files virus samples are a dangerous threat as they can be acquired through various methods. The criminals will send out phishing emails and create malicious sites that pose as originating from well-known services and companies. They are made to look like the legitimate sources by impersonating their content and integrating stolen or self-signed certificates.

A very popular distribution technique that is commonly used with Dharma virus samples is the insertion of the virus installation code into various file carriers — usually this includes all popular document types and installers of popular software. This data can be easily spread over file-sharing networks and also via scripts that are part of browser hijackers — malicious plugins made compatible with the most popular web browsers. They are widely found on the respective repositories.

Like other similar Dharma ransomware variants the .cap files virus will institute a common behavior pattern as soon as the main engine is started. This will include the execution of an information gathering module which is designed to extract both system and user data from the compromised system. This data can then be used to search for security applications that can block the virus activity. This can bypass programs like anti-virus programs, sandbox environments, firewalls and etc.

Dharma ransomware samples like the .cap files virus are known to cause many changes to the computer settings — this includes both the boot options, the Windows Registry and certain user preferences. This can lead to the reconfiguration of the compromised system so that the engine is started every time the computer is powered on. Changes to the Windows Registry will probably create new strings for the virus or modify existing ones. This can make removal very difficult as in combination with the boot options it can disallow access to the boot recovery menus. This effectively makes manual user removal guides non-working as they largely depend on them. In this case the victims will need to use a professional-grade anti-spyware solution to fix their computers.

When all components have finished running the actual encryption phase will start targeting certain files according to their extensions. A built-in list is used, in most cases this includes the following data: archives, documents, backups, documents, multimedia files and etc. All compromised files will be renamed with the .cap extension. The associated ransomware note will be created on the desktop that will blackmail the victims into paying the hackers a decryption fee.

Remove .cap Files Virus and Attempt to Restore Data

The so-called .cap files virus is a threat with highly complex code that heavily damages both essential system settings and valuable data. So the only way to use your infected system securely again is to remove all malicious files and objects created by the ransomware. For the purpose, you could follow our step-by-step removal guide.

In the event that you want to attempt to restore .cap files with the help of alternative data recovery methods, do check step four – Try to Restore files encrypted by .cap Files Virus. We remind you to back up all encrypted files to an external drive before the recovery process.


Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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