The .cap files virus is new virus threat that is derived from the Dharma ransomware family. Its main goal is to encrypt user data with a strong cipher. This gives the hackers the ability to blackmail the victims into paying them a “decryption fee”. When the encryption process has completed alongside all other components that make up the .cap files virus the users will see that their files are renamed with the .cap extension. Like other similar Dharma virus it will produce either a ransom note or a lockscreen instance aiming to manipulate the users into paying the hackers.
In this article, you will find more information about .cap files virus as well as a step-by-step guide on how to remove malicious files from the infected system and how to potentially recover files encrypted by this ransomware.
|.cap files virus
|A data locker ransomware designed to damage computer systems and encrypt valuable personal fles.
|Important files are locked and renamed with the .cap extension. Ransom message insists on payment for a files decryption tool.
|Spam Emails, Email Attachments
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.cap Files Virus (Dharma Ransomware) – Distribution and Impact
.cap files virus samples are a dangerous threat as they can be acquired through various methods. The criminals will send out phishing emails and create malicious sites that pose as originating from well-known services and companies. They are made to look like the legitimate sources by impersonating their content and integrating stolen or self-signed certificates.
A very popular distribution technique that is commonly used with Dharma virus samples is the insertion of the virus installation code into various file carriers — usually this includes all popular document types and installers of popular software. This data can be easily spread over file-sharing networks and also via scripts that are part of browser hijackers — malicious plugins made compatible with the most popular web browsers. They are widely found on the respective repositories.
Like other similar Dharma ransomware variants the .cap files virus will institute a common behavior pattern as soon as the main engine is started. This will include the execution of an information gathering module which is designed to extract both system and user data from the compromised system. This data can then be used to search for security applications that can block the virus activity. This can bypass programs like anti-virus programs, sandbox environments, firewalls and etc.
Dharma ransomware samples like the .cap files virus are known to cause many changes to the computer settings — this includes both the boot options, the Windows Registry and certain user preferences. This can lead to the reconfiguration of the compromised system so that the engine is started every time the computer is powered on. Changes to the Windows Registry will probably create new strings for the virus or modify existing ones. This can make removal very difficult as in combination with the boot options it can disallow access to the boot recovery menus. This effectively makes manual user removal guides non-working as they largely depend on them. In this case the victims will need to use a professional-grade anti-spyware solution to fix their computers.
When all components have finished running the actual encryption phase will start targeting certain files according to their extensions. A built-in list is used, in most cases this includes the following data: archives, documents, backups, documents, multimedia files and etc. All compromised files will be renamed with the .cap extension. The associated ransomware note will be created on the desktop that will blackmail the victims into paying the hackers a decryption fee.
Remove .cap Files Virus and Attempt to Restore Data
The so-called .cap files virus is a threat with highly complex code that heavily damages both essential system settings and valuable data. So the only way to use your infected system securely again is to remove all malicious files and objects created by the ransomware. For the purpose, you could follow our step-by-step removal guide.
In the event that you want to attempt to restore .cap files with the help of alternative data recovery methods, do check step four – Try to Restore files encrypted by .cap Files Virus. We remind you to back up all encrypted files to an external drive before the recovery process.
.cap files virus-FAQ
What is .cap files virus Ransomware?
.cap files virus is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.
Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithms to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.
What Does .cap files virus Ransomware Do?
Ransomware in general is a malicious software that is designed to block access to your computer or files until a ransom is paid.
Ransomware viruses can also damage your system, corrupt data and delete files, resulting in the permanent loss of important files.
How Does .cap files virus Infect?
Via several ways..cap files virus Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing emails, containing virus attachment. This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.
Another way you may become a victim of .cap files virus is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.
How to Open ..cap files virus files?
You can't without a decryptor. At this point, the ..cap files virus files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted using a specific decryption key for the particular algorithm.
What to Do If a Decryptor Does Not Work?
Do not panic, and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your ..cap files virus files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.
Can I Restore "..cap files virus" Files?
Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore ..cap files virus files.
These methods are in no way 100% guaranteed that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.
How To Get Rid of .cap files virus Virus?
The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti-malware program.
It will scan for and locate .cap files virus ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important ..cap files virus files.
Can I Report Ransomware to Authorities?
In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer.
Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:
Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:
Germany - Offizielles Portal der deutschen Polizei
United States - IC3 Internet Crime Complaint Centre
United Kingdom - Action Fraud Police
France - Ministère de l'Intérieur
Italy - Polizia Di Stato
Spain - Policía Nacional
Netherlands - Politie
Poland - Policja
Portugal - Polícia Judiciária
Greece - Cyber Crime Unit (Hellenic Police)
India - Mumbai Police - CyberCrime Investigation Cell
Australia - Australian High Tech Crime Center
Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.
Can You Stop Ransomware from Encrypting Your Files?
Yes, you can prevent ransomware. The best way to do this is to ensure your computer system is updated with the latest security patches, use a reputable anti-malware program and firewall, backup your important files frequently, and avoid clicking on malicious links or downloading unknown files.
Can .cap files virus Ransomware Steal Your Data?
Yes, in most cases ransomware will steal your information. It is a form of malware that steals data from a user's computer, encrypts it, and then demands a ransom in order to decrypt it.
Can Ransomware Infect WiFi?
Yes, ransomware can infect WiFi networks, as malicious actors can use it to gain control of the network, steal confidential data, and lock out users. If a ransomware attack is successful, it could lead to a loss of service and/or data, and in some cases, financial losses.
Should I Pay Ransomware?
No, you should not pay ransomware extortionists. Paying them only encourages criminals and does not guarantee that the files or data will be restored. The better approach is to have a secure backup of important data and be vigilant about security in the first place.
What Happens If I Don't Pay Ransom?
If you don't pay the ransom, the hackers may still have access to your computer, data, or files and may continue to threaten to expose or delete them, or even use them to commit cybercrimes. In some cases, they may even continue to demand additional ransom payments.
Can a Ransomware Attack Be Detected?
Yes, ransomware can be detected. Anti-malware software and other advanced security tools can detect ransomware and alert the user when it is present on a machine.
It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and to keep security software updated to ensure ransomware can be detected and prevented.
Do Ransomware Criminals Get Caught?
Yes, ransomware criminals do get caught. Law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, Interpol and others have been successful in tracking down and prosecuting ransomware criminals in the US and other countries. As ransomware threats continue to increase, so does the enforcement activity.
About the .cap files virus Research
The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this .cap files virus how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.
How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?
Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.
To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.
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