Malware sure is evolving fast and many researchers and cyber-security officials are concerned about that. The latest developments in malware seemed to recently be the new ransomware viruses that terrorize victims all the time. However, even ransomware viruses can evolve and doxware is the proof of that. This new form of malware originating from ransomware viruses takes online extortion to a whole new level, threatening victims that their personal files will now be exposed publicly to their friends. Cyber-security experts feel very concerned that this new type of threat will cause a lot of damage if it becomes widespread and attacks private organizations, threatening to leak secret files to the public if a ransom has not been paid. We have decided to make an extensive article that will help you understand more what doxware is and what data management tactics and protection techniques can help you deal with this new type of threat.
What Is Doxware?
By definition doxware comes from the term doxing also known as “doxxing”. It is basically the activity of exposing publicly files that are sensitive for someone. Let’s imagine that Jenny is a malware researcher and she does not like anyone to know her name. Now let’s imagine that someone attacks Jenny’s computer with doxware and threatens to expose that she cracked so many viruses, making her a direct target by many black hat hackers whose business Jenny had ruined. This is essentially the purpose of the Doxware, except it works in combination with ransomware. Instead of going through the painstaking process of encrypting and decrypting files, the malware writers may focus more and more on the private files of users to directly threaten to leak them to friends on social media or sell them online. This very real threat is now a reality and viruses, like Epic Ransomware are using encryption in combination with doxxing type of threats to “motivate” victims to pay the ransom.
Security experts now see such threats to become more and more often in the future and are massively warning users on social media:
As Mikko Hypponen, a star in the malware research sphere recently quoted – “It is no longer a war against our computers, it is now a war against our lives.”, this forecast is becoming more and more correct. With doxware viruses which may become very widespread and completely replace the traditional ransomware, the profits of cyber-criminals will rapidly rise. This is due to the unique strategy of doxware that works by inducing fear in the victim, leaving no choice. And what is more to it than that, malware researchers will be helpless, due to the fact that even if they are able to decrypt the files, they will be leaked publicly.
How Is Doxware Expected to Spread
How to Protect Yourself from Doxware
This is why we have assembled some articles with updated knowledge we have and tactics to protect yourself. They will work for doxware viruses, especially when it comes to data protection. This is why we advise following them and combining them into a system that is tailor made against doxware for your network whether it is home or office.
Here are the informative articles:
- Obfuscation In Malware- the Key to a Successful Infection
- Safely Store Your Important Files and Protect Them from Malware
- The Most Popular Free Anti-Ransomware Tools
- Cerber Ransomware and How to Protect Yourself from Crypto-Malware
- Helpful Tips about Ransomware
Attention! SensorsTechForum strongly recommends that all malware victims should look for assistance only by reputable sources. Many guides out there claim to offer free recovery and decryption for files encrypted by ransomware viruses. Be advised that some of them may only be after your money.
As a site that has been dedicated to providing free removal instructions for ransomware and malware since 2014, SensorsTechForum’s recommendation is to only pay attention to trustworthy sources.
How to recognize trustworthy sources:
- Always check "About Us" web page.
- Profile of the content creator.
- Make sure that real people are behind the site and not fake names and profiles.
- Verify Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter personal profiles.
How to Remove Doxware from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Doxware
Step 2: Uninstall Doxware and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Doxware on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Doxware there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Step 4: Scan for Doxware with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool
Step 5 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Doxware.
Ransomware infections and Doxware aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.
Simply click on the link and on the website menus on top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.
Get rid of Doxware from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall Doxware and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove Doxware via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove malware from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts, programs and malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Step 3 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Doxware on your Mac.
Ransomware for Mac Doxware aims to encode all your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decode, unless you pay money.
This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files, but only in some cases. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.
What is Doxware ransomware and how does it work?
Doxware is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.
Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithm how to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.
How does Doxware ransomware infect my computer?
Via several ways.Doxware Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing e-mails, containing virus attachment.
This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.
After you download and execute this attachment, a drive-by download occurs and your computer is infected with the ransomware virus.
Another way, you may become a victim of Doxware is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.
How to open .Doxware files?
You can't. At this point the .Doxware files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted.
Decryptor did not decrypt my data. What now?
Do not panic and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your .Doxware files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.
One way to restore files, encrypted by Doxware ransomware is to use a decryptor for it. But since it's a new virus, advised that the decryption keys for it may not be out yet and available to the public. We will update this article and keep you posted as soon as this decryptor is released.
How Do I restore ".Doxware" files (Other Methods)?
Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .Doxware files.
These methods are in no way 100% guarantee that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.
How do I get rid of Doxware ransomware virus?
The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti malware software. It will scan for and locate Doxware ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .Doxware files.
Also, keep in mind that viruses like Doxware ransomware also install Trojans and keyloggers that can steal your passwords and accounts. Scanning your computer with an anti-malware software will make sure that all of these virus components are removed and your computer is protected in the future.
What to Do If nothing works?
There is still a lot you can do. If none of the above methods seem to work for you, then try these methods:
- Try to find a safe computer from where you can can login on your own line accounts like One Drive, iDrive, Google Drive and so on.
- Try to contact your friends, relatives and other people so that they can check if they have some of your important photos or documents just in case you sent them.
- Also, check if some of the files that were encrypted it can be re-downloaded from the web.
- Another clever way to get back some of your files is to find another old computer, a flash drive or even a CD or a DVD where you may have saved your older documents. You might be surprised what will turn up.
- You can also go to your email account to check if you can send any attachments to other people. Usually what is sent the email is saved on your account and you can re-download it. But most importantly, make sure that this is done from a safe computer and make sure to remove the virus first.
More tips you can find on our forums, where you can also asks any questions about your ransomware problem.