Home > Ransomware > .enc Virus (MindLost Ransomware) — Remove and Restore Files

.enc Virus (MindLost Ransomware) — Remove and Restore Files

This article has been created in order to help you by explaining how to remove .enc files virus and how to decrypt .enc files for free.

The MindLost ransomware is a newly discovered malware threat that is also known as the .enc virus. It has the ability to cause a wide range of malware activities and encrypts sensitive user data. Our in-depth removal guide shows how victims can remove active infections and protect themselves from incoming threats.

Threat Summary

Name .enc
Type Ransomware, Cryptovirus
Short Description Encrypts files on the infected computers after which asks from victims to pay ransom to get them restored back to normal.
Symptoms The virus appends the .enc file extension to the files encrypted by it.
Distribution Method Spam Emails, Email Attachments, Executable files
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware


Malware Removal Tool

User Experience Join Our Forum to Discuss .enc.

.enc Virus – How Does It Infect

The MindLost ransomware is a malware threat that is being distributed using various tactics to a wide range of potential victims. One of the main distribution methods is the use of email spam messages that are being made using social engineering templates. They attempt to manipulate the victims into interacting with the document with the intent of acquiring of the MindLost ransomware. Its alternative name is the .enc virus as this is the extension assigned to the processed files.

Depending on the exact configuration it may attach the virus files directly to the emails. In such cases the files pose as installers of user interest. Other tactics that are widely used for spreading malware messages include the insertion of hyperlinks. They typically pose as password reset links, login pages or notifications. The criminals are adept at stealing graphics and text components from the well-known Internet services. The criminals can opt to utilize infected documents that can be sent through the email messages. They can take the form of rich text documents, spreadsheets or presentations. As soon as they are opened a notification prompt appears which asks the victims to enable the built-in scripts. When this is done the virus infection begins.

The .enc virus can be distributed via browser hijackers which represent malware browser plugins. They are usually made compatible with the most popular applications: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Microsoft Edge and Opera. When they are installed various system changes are made which redirect the victims to hacker-controlled pages. As part of their behavior pattern the .enc virus infections can follow.

.enc Virus – More Information

The .enc virus uses a modular framework which can be further modified in future versions. Depending on the hacker configuration the behavior patterns can be modified according to the targets and the intended goals.

Such examples include Trojan code that gives the hackers the ability to spy on the users in real time. Depending on the Trojan code configuration they can also make the system record every mouse movement or keystroke in a database that is relayed in real time to the hackers.

A direct hacker connection can be initiated which allows the criminals to execute arbitrary commands. This includes the delivery of additional malware to the compromised hosts. Another possible feature is the institution of a information gathering module. It would allow the controllers to make the .enc virus harvest sensitive data which is relayed back to the operators. It is usually categorized into two main types:

  • Statistics Data — This type of data is used by the criminals to oversee the hacker campaign and plan their next attacks.
  • Private Data — Such information can directly expose the victims identity and is composed of harvested strings that are related to the users name, telephone number, address and preferences.

A persistent state of execution can be programmed which makes it difficult for the users to manually remove the active infections by themselves. The virus is modeled to manipulate the Windows registry and the operating system configuration files. As a result the victims may experience application failure, performance issues and other symptoms.

Many ransomware of late tend to delete the Shadow volume copies which make it impossible to recover any deleted data without the use of a professional data recovery solution, refer to our removal guide below for detailed instructions. The .enc virus can be programmed to distribute cryptocurrency miner software which takes advantage of the available system resources for profit.

The security analysis shows that the consequences are that the virus files are executed upon system start-up.

MindLost ransomware Encryption Process

Once all components have executed correctly the ransomware module is engaged. It uses a built-in list of target file type extensions which are processed with a strong cipher. The analysis of the acquired samples contains the following extensions:

.c, .jpg, .mp3, .mp4, .pdf, .png, .py, .txt

The ransomware engine also includes a blacklist of strings (files and folders) that are omitted from the encrypter:

  • Windows
  • Program Files
  • Program Files (x86)

A ransomware note is created as an image file which may also be imposed as the computer’s background image. The contained text reads the following:

Don’t Lose Your Mind But All Of Files Have Been Encrypted
Now it’s not too late, you can still get them back and go back to your life. All you have to do is go to xxxx://mindlost.azurewebsites.net and pay 200$ and all of yor files will be available to you again.
When paying (and you will) enter your computer”s ID. You can find your computer”s ID in a file called ID.txt in your Desktop filder. Afterwards enter your credit card information to complete the payment.
Now you can also purchase an insurance for an extra 50$. This means you will never be attacked by us again. This is strongly advised unless you want to go through all this again.
When you finish paying just go to your Desktop folder, run Decrypter.exe and all of your files will be safety decrypted and available to you again.
Q: What does it mean that all of my files have been encrypted?
A: All of your files are safe and can be restired. They are simply not accessible to you unless you have the key to decrypt them which we will only provide if you pay us. Also don”t bother trying to break the encryption it’s not possible.
For more information you can go to xxxxs://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Encryption_Standard or at xxxx://mindlost.azurewebsites.net

An interesting technique employed by the hacker operators is that they have instructed a browser window to popup which shows an online payment page. The victims are sent directly to the payment gateway automatically and manipulated to pay the ransom fee.

How to Remove .enc Files Virus

Before actually trying to decrypt the files on your computer, we would advise you to remove the malware beforehand. This can happen if you follow the removal instructions down below. They are divided in both manual and automatic removal steps. In case you find it difficult or are uncertain that you can remove MindLost ransomware manually from your computer, recommendations are to download an advanced anti-malware software. Such will make sure that the malware is fully gone from your computer in the safest way. In addition to this, such software will also ensure that you have future protection as well.

Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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Attention! SensorsTechForum strongly recommends that all malware victims should look for assistance only by reputable sources. Many guides out there claim to offer free recovery and decryption for files encrypted by ransomware viruses. Be advised that some of them may only be after your money.

As a site that has been dedicated to providing free removal instructions for ransomware and malware since 2014, SensorsTechForum’s recommendation is to only pay attention to trustworthy sources.

How to recognize trustworthy sources:

  • Always check "About Us" web page.
  • Profile of the content creator.
  • Make sure that real people are behind the site and not fake names and profiles.
  • Verify Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter personal profiles.


with Anti-Malware
We recommend you to download SpyHunter and run free scan to remove all virus files on your PC. This saves you hours of time and effort compared to doing the removal yourself.
SpyHunter 5 free remover allows you, subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal for results found. Read EULA and Privacy Policy

About the .enc Research

The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this .enc how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.

How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?

Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.

Furthermore, the research behind the .enc ransomware threat is backed with VirusTotal and the NoMoreRansom project.

To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.


1. How to Recognize Spam Emails with Ransomware
2. How Does Ransomware Encryption Work?
3. How to Decrypt Ransomware Files
4. Ransomware Getting Greedier and Bigger, Attacks Increase by 40%
5. 1 in 5 Americans Victim of Ransomware

Windows Mac OS X

How to Remove .enc from Windows.

Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove .enc


Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

1. Hold Windows Key + R.

2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.

3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".

Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.

4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.

5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.

Step 2: Uninstall .enc and related software from Windows

Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:

1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.

2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.

3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"

Follow the instructions above and you will successfully uninstall most programs.

Step 3: Clean any registries, created by .enc on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by .enc there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.

2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.

3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.

Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

Step 4: Scan for .enc with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.

It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.

2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.


3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.


4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.


If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.

Video Guide for Automatic and Fast Removal

Step 5 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by .enc.

Ransomware infections and .enc aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the recommended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

Simply click on the link and on the website menus on the top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.

Step 6: How to Restore Files Encrypted by Ransomware (Video Guide)

Windows Mac OS X

Get rid of .enc from Mac OS X.

Step 1: Uninstall .enc and remove related files and objects

Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your Mac with SpyHunter for Mac
Keep in mind, that SpyHunter for Mac needs to purchased to remove the malware threats. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter’s EULA and Privacy Policy

1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:

2. Find Activity Monitor and double-click it:

3. In the Activity Monitor look for any suspicious processes, belonging or related to .enc:

Tip: To quit a process completely, choose the “Force Quit” option.

4. Click on the "Go" button again, but this time select Applications. Another way is with the ⇧+⌘+A buttons.

5. In the Applications menu, look for any suspicious app or an app with a name, similar or identical to .enc. If you find it, right-click on the app and select “Move to Trash


6. Select Accounts, after which click on the Login Items preference.

Your Mac will then show you a list of items that start automatically when you log in. Look for any suspicious apps identical or similar to .enc. Check the app you want to stop from running automatically and then select on the Minus (“-“) icon to hide it.

7. Remove any left-over files that might be related to this threat manually by following the sub-steps below:

  • Go to Finder.
  • In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
  • Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
  • If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.

In case you cannot remove .enc via Step 1 above:

In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:

Disclaimer! If you are about to tamper with Library files on Mac, be sure to know the name of the virus file, because if you delete the wrong file, it may cause irreversible damage to your MacOS. Continue on your own responsibility!

1: Click on "Go" and Then "Go to Folder" as shown underneath:

2: Type in "/Library/LauchAgents/" and click Ok:

3: Delete all of the virus files that have similar or the same name as .enc. If you believe there is no such file, do not delete anything.

You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:

→ ~/Library/LaunchAgents

Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.

Click the button below below to download SpyHunter for Mac and scan for .enc:


SpyHunter for Mac

Step 3 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by .enc.

Ransomware infections and .enc aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the recommended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

Simply click on the link and on the website menus on top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.

.enc FAQ

What is .enc ransomware and how does it work?

.enc is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.

Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithm how to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.

How does .enc ransomware infect my computer?

Via several ways..enc Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing e-mails, containing virus attachment.

This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.

After you download and execute this attachment, a drive-by download occurs and your computer is infected with the ransomware virus.

Another way, you may become a victim of .enc is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.

How to open ..enc files?

You can't. At this point the ..enc files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted.

Decryptor did not decrypt my data. What now?

Do not panic and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your ..enc files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.

One way to restore files, encrypted by .enc ransomware is to use a decryptor for it. But since it's a new virus, advised that the decryption keys for it may not be out yet and available to the public. We will update this article and keep you posted as soon as this decryptor is released.

How Do I restore "..enc" files (Other Methods)?

Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore ..enc files.

These methods are in no way 100% guarantee that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.

How do I get rid of .enc ransomware virus?

The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti malware software. It will scan for and locate .enc ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important ..enc files.

Also, keep in mind that viruses like .enc ransomware also install Trojans and keyloggers that can steal your passwords and accounts. Scanning your computer with an anti-malware software will make sure that all of these virus components are removed and your computer is protected in the future.

What to Do If nothing works?

There is still a lot you can do. If none of the above methods seem to work for you, then try these methods:

  • Try to find a safe computer from where you can can login on your own line accounts like One Drive, iDrive, Google Drive and so on.
  • Try to contact your friends, relatives and other people so that they can check if they have some of your important photos or documents just in case you sent them.
  • Also, check if some of the files that were encrypted it can be re-downloaded from the web.
  • Another clever way to get back some of your files is to find another old computer, a flash drive or even a CD or a DVD where you may have saved your older documents. You might be surprised what will turn up.
  • You can also go to your email account to check if you can send any attachments to other people. Usually what is sent the email is saved on your account and you can re-download it. But most importantly, make sure that this is done from a safe computer and make sure to remove the virus first.

More tips you can find on our forums, where you can also asks any questions about your ransomware problem.

How to Report Ransomware to Authorities?

In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer. Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:

Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:

Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.

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