Home > Ransomware > .enc Virus (MindLost Ransomware) — Remove and Restore Files

.enc Virus (MindLost Ransomware) — Remove and Restore Files

This article has been created in order to help you by explaining how to remove .enc files virus and how to decrypt .enc files for free.

The MindLost ransomware is a newly discovered malware threat that is also known as the .enc virus. It has the ability to cause a wide range of malware activities and encrypts sensitive user data. Our in-depth removal guide shows how victims can remove active infections and protect themselves from incoming threats.

Threat Summary

Name .enc
Type Ransomware, Cryptovirus
Short Description Encrypts files on the infected computers after which asks from victims to pay ransom to get them restored back to normal.
Symptoms The virus appends the .enc file extension to the files encrypted by it.
Distribution Method Spam Emails, Email Attachments, Executable files
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware


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User Experience Join Our Forum to Discuss .enc.

.enc Virus – How Does It Infect

The MindLost ransomware is a malware threat that is being distributed using various tactics to a wide range of potential victims. One of the main distribution methods is the use of email spam messages that are being made using social engineering templates. They attempt to manipulate the victims into interacting with the document with the intent of acquiring of the MindLost ransomware. Its alternative name is the .enc virus as this is the extension assigned to the processed files.

Depending on the exact configuration it may attach the virus files directly to the emails. In such cases the files pose as installers of user interest. Other tactics that are widely used for spreading malware messages include the insertion of hyperlinks. They typically pose as password reset links, login pages or notifications. The criminals are adept at stealing graphics and text components from the well-known Internet services. The criminals can opt to utilize infected documents that can be sent through the email messages. They can take the form of rich text documents, spreadsheets or presentations. As soon as they are opened a notification prompt appears which asks the victims to enable the built-in scripts. When this is done the virus infection begins.

The .enc virus can be distributed via browser hijackers which represent malware browser plugins. They are usually made compatible with the most popular applications: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Microsoft Edge and Opera. When they are installed various system changes are made which redirect the victims to hacker-controlled pages. As part of their behavior pattern the .enc virus infections can follow.

.enc Virus – More Information

The .enc virus uses a modular framework which can be further modified in future versions. Depending on the hacker configuration the behavior patterns can be modified according to the targets and the intended goals.

Such examples include Trojan code that gives the hackers the ability to spy on the users in real time. Depending on the Trojan code configuration they can also make the system record every mouse movement or keystroke in a database that is relayed in real time to the hackers.

A direct hacker connection can be initiated which allows the criminals to execute arbitrary commands. This includes the delivery of additional malware to the compromised hosts. Another possible feature is the institution of a information gathering module. It would allow the controllers to make the .enc virus harvest sensitive data which is relayed back to the operators. It is usually categorized into two main types:

  • Statistics Data — This type of data is used by the criminals to oversee the hacker campaign and plan their next attacks.
  • Private Data — Such information can directly expose the victims identity and is composed of harvested strings that are related to the users name, telephone number, address and preferences.

A persistent state of execution can be programmed which makes it difficult for the users to manually remove the active infections by themselves. The virus is modeled to manipulate the Windows registry and the operating system configuration files. As a result the victims may experience application failure, performance issues and other symptoms.

Many ransomware of late tend to delete the Shadow volume copies which make it impossible to recover any deleted data without the use of a professional data recovery solution, refer to our removal guide below for detailed instructions. The .enc virus can be programmed to distribute cryptocurrency miner software which takes advantage of the available system resources for profit.

The security analysis shows that the consequences are that the virus files are executed upon system start-up.

MindLost ransomware Encryption Process

Once all components have executed correctly the ransomware module is engaged. It uses a built-in list of target file type extensions which are processed with a strong cipher. The analysis of the acquired samples contains the following extensions:

.c, .jpg, .mp3, .mp4, .pdf, .png, .py, .txt

The ransomware engine also includes a blacklist of strings (files and folders) that are omitted from the encrypter:

  • Windows
  • Program Files
  • Program Files (x86)

A ransomware note is created as an image file which may also be imposed as the computer’s background image. The contained text reads the following:

Don’t Lose Your Mind But All Of Files Have Been Encrypted
Now it’s not too late, you can still get them back and go back to your life. All you have to do is go to xxxx://mindlost.azurewebsites.net and pay 200$ and all of yor files will be available to you again.
When paying (and you will) enter your computer”s ID. You can find your computer”s ID in a file called ID.txt in your Desktop filder. Afterwards enter your credit card information to complete the payment.
Now you can also purchase an insurance for an extra 50$. This means you will never be attacked by us again. This is strongly advised unless you want to go through all this again.
When you finish paying just go to your Desktop folder, run Decrypter.exe and all of your files will be safety decrypted and available to you again.
Q: What does it mean that all of my files have been encrypted?
A: All of your files are safe and can be restired. They are simply not accessible to you unless you have the key to decrypt them which we will only provide if you pay us. Also don”t bother trying to break the encryption it’s not possible.
For more information you can go to xxxxs://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Encryption_Standard or at xxxx://mindlost.azurewebsites.net

An interesting technique employed by the hacker operators is that they have instructed a browser window to popup which shows an online payment page. The victims are sent directly to the payment gateway automatically and manipulated to pay the ransom fee.

How to Remove .enc Files Virus

Before actually trying to decrypt the files on your computer, we would advise you to remove the malware beforehand. This can happen if you follow the removal instructions down below. They are divided in both manual and automatic removal steps. In case you find it difficult or are uncertain that you can remove MindLost ransomware manually from your computer, recommendations are to download an advanced anti-malware software. Such will make sure that the malware is fully gone from your computer in the safest way. In addition to this, such software will also ensure that you have future protection as well.

Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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Step 1: Scan for .enc with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.

It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.

2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.

scan for and delete ransomware virus step 2

3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.

scan for and delete ransomware virus step 3

4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.

scan for and delete ransomware virus step 4

If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.

Ransomware Automatic Removal - Video Guide

Step 2: Uninstall .enc and related malware from Windows

Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:

1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.
delete ransomware from windows step 1

2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.
delete ransomware from windows step 2

3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"
delete ransomware from windows step 3Follow the instructions above and you will successfully delete most unwanted and malicious programs.

Step 3: Clean any registries, created by .enc on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by .enc there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.
delete ransomware virus registries step 1

2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.
delete ransomware virus registries step 2

3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
delete ransomware virus registries step 3 Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

Step 4: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove .enc


Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

1. Hold Windows Key + R.
remove ransomware in safe mode step 1

2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.
remove ransomware in safe mode step 2

3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".
remove ransomware in safe mode step 3
Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.

4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.
remove ransomware in safe mode step 4

5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.
remove ransomware in safe mode step 5

Step 5: Try to Restore Files Encrypted by .enc.

Method 1: Use STOP Decrypter by Emsisoft.

Not all variants of this ransomware can be decrypted for free, but we have added the decryptor used by researchers that is often updated with the variants which become eventually decrypted. You can try and decrypt your files using the instructions below, but if they do not work, then unfortunately your variant of the ransomware virus is not decryptable.

Follow the instructions below to use the Emsisoft decrypter and decrypt your files for free. You can download the Emsisoft decryption tool linked here and then follow the steps provided below:

1 Right-click on the decrypter and click on Run as Administrator as shown below:

stop ransomware decryptor step 1

2. Agree with the license terms:

stop ransomware decryptor step 2

3. Click on "Add Folder" and then add the folders where you want files decrypted as shown underneath:

stop ransomware decryptor step 3

4. Click on "Decrypt" and wait for your files to be decoded.

stop ransomware decryptor step 4

Note: Credit for the decryptor goes to Emsisoft researchers who have made the breakthrough with this virus.

Method 2: Use data recovery software

Ransomware infections and .enc aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the recommended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

Simply click on the link and on the website menus on the top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.


What is .enc Ransomware?

.enc is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files. 

Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithms to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.

What Does .enc Ransomware Do?

Ransomware in general is a malicious software that is designed to block access to your computer or files until a ransom is paid.

Ransomware viruses can also damage your system, corrupt data and delete files, resulting in the permanent loss of important files.

How Does .enc Infect?

Via several ways..enc Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing emails, containing virus attachment. This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.

Another way you may become a victim of .enc is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.

How to Open ..enc files?

You can't without a decryptor. At this point, the ..enc files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted using a specific decryption key for the particular algorithm.

What to Do If a Decryptor Does Not Work?

Do not panic, and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your ..enc files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.

Can I Restore "..enc" Files?

Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore ..enc files. 

These methods are in no way 100% guaranteed that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.

How To Get Rid of .enc Virus?

The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti-malware program.

It will scan for and locate .enc ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important ..enc files.

Can I Report Ransomware to Authorities?

In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer.

Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:

Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:

Germany - Offizielles Portal der deutschen Polizei

United States - IC3 Internet Crime Complaint Centre

United Kingdom - Action Fraud Police

France - Ministère de l'Intérieur

Italy - Polizia Di Stato

Spain - Policía Nacional

Netherlands - Politie

Poland - Policja

Portugal - Polícia Judiciária

Greece - Cyber Crime Unit (Hellenic Police)

India - Mumbai Police - CyberCrime Investigation Cell

Australia - Australian High Tech Crime Center

Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.

Can You Stop Ransomware from Encrypting Your Files?

Yes, you can prevent ransomware. The best way to do this is to ensure your computer system is updated with the latest security patches, use a reputable anti-malware program and firewall, backup your important files frequently, and avoid clicking on malicious links or downloading unknown files.

Can .enc Ransomware Steal Your Data?

Yes, in most cases ransomware will steal your information. It is a form of malware that steals data from a user's computer, encrypts it, and then demands a ransom in order to decrypt it.

In many cases, the malware authors or attackers will threaten to delete the data or publish it online unless the ransom is paid.

Can Ransomware Infect WiFi?

Yes, ransomware can infect WiFi networks, as malicious actors can use it to gain control of the network, steal confidential data, and lock out users. If a ransomware attack is successful, it could lead to a loss of service and/or data, and in some cases, financial losses.

Should I Pay Ransomware?

No, you should not pay ransomware extortionists. Paying them only encourages criminals and does not guarantee that the files or data will be restored. The better approach is to have a secure backup of important data and be vigilant about security in the first place.

What Happens If I Don't Pay Ransom?

If you don't pay the ransom, the hackers may still have access to your computer, data, or files and may continue to threaten to expose or delete them, or even use them to commit cybercrimes. In some cases, they may even continue to demand additional ransom payments.

Can a Ransomware Attack Be Detected?

Yes, ransomware can be detected. Anti-malware software and other advanced security tools can detect ransomware and alert the user when it is present on a machine.

It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and to keep security software updated to ensure ransomware can be detected and prevented.

Do Ransomware Criminals Get Caught?

Yes, ransomware criminals do get caught. Law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, Interpol and others have been successful in tracking down and prosecuting ransomware criminals in the US and other countries. As ransomware threats continue to increase, so does the enforcement activity.

About the .enc Research

The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this .enc how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.

How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?

Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.

Furthermore, the research behind the .enc ransomware threat is backed with VirusTotal and the NoMoreRansom project.

To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.

As a site that has been dedicated to providing free removal instructions for ransomware and malware since 2014, SensorsTechForum’s recommendation is to only pay attention to trustworthy sources.

How to recognize trustworthy sources:

  • Always check "About Us" web page.
  • Profile of the content creator.
  • Make sure that real people are behind the site and not fake names and profiles.
  • Verify Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter personal profiles.

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