CYBER NEWS

GozNym – New Banking Malware on The Loose

SensorsTechForum-backdoor-trojan-horse-malware-ransomware-spreadIBM X-Force Research experts have uncovered a new type of banking Trojan. The malware is reported to be a combination between two previously detected banking Trojans – Nymaim and Gozi. Researchers have established that the Trojan contains features of both Trojans and uses obfuscated payload to evade malware detection. Anyone who believes that they have been affected by this banking trojan should immediately disconnect their system and read the article below to remove this threat permanently, after which change all of their financial credentials.

NameGozNym
TypeBanking Trojan
Short DescriptionThe threat may infect systems related to banking activities and steal financial information or funds from compromised accounts.
SymptomsStarted by a malicious executable. Also reported to download other malware such as ransomware on the infected computer.
Distribution MethodVia malicious executables.
Detection ToolDownload Malware Removal Tool, to See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware
User Experience Join our forum to discuss GozNym.

GozNym Banking Trojan – Distribution

Even though the Trojan is extremely effective, its spread may only be limited to targeted institutions, because banks and other e-payment vendors have strengthened their core security, pushing cyber-criminals to focus on other e-payment and online financing institutions. In fact, this particular Trojan has reported attacking institutions primarily located in North America, Europe, and South America.

Related article
Cyber Criminals Have New Targets – Online Payment Systems

The methods of the Trojan spreading may vary. The most widely used method to spread the Trojan is via an Exploit kit. In fact, malware researchers have reported it to infect over million devices via an executable, containing the infamous BlackHole exploit kit, first appeared in 2012.

GozNym Banking Trojan In Detail

Researchers at IBM X-Force report that to successfully infect user PCs, this Trojan uses the dual code, part of which is Gozi IFSB’s code and the other part – Nymaim’s Loader. This is particularly interesting because it contains different functions from both the malware codes. It is convenient because every time the Gozi IFSB portion of the malware requests a function or a feature from Nymaim Trojan.

The way this hybrid works is via intermediary “call” type of codes. One of them reported by IBM researchers is used every time GozNym IFSB wants to use a feature of Nymaim:

saxaxzaSource:Securityintelligence.com

The difference between the old Gozi IFSB’s is that instead of a .DLL file which is reported to have been 150KB, the new GozNym hybrid directly injects code into the browser which contains its buffer. This code is around 50 KB in size. But not only this, but the buffer also contains portions of Nymaim’s code.

Conclusion and Removal of GozNym

The bottom line for this Trojan is that it is extremely powerful and effective and can steal the financial data of an infected device without the users noticing it. The removal of GozNym is a very tricky process, because, in order to remove something, it has to be detected first. For both of those to happen, it is required to have an advanced anti-malware software which will stop the malware in the first place. Not only this, but the removal of GozNym requires specific actions, for different systems.

For Windows systems, we recommend following the below-mentioned instructions.

1. Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove GozNym

1. Boot Your PC Into Safe Mode

1. For Windows 7,XP and Vista. 2. For Windows 8, 8.1 and 10.

For Windows XP, Vista, 7 systems:

1. Remove all CDs and DVDs, and then Restart your PC from the “Start” menu.
2. Select one of the two options provided below:

For PCs with a single operating system: Press “F8” repeatedly after the first boot screen shows up during the restart of your computer. In case the Windows logo appears on the screen, you have to repeat the same task again.

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For PCs with multiple operating systems: Тhe arrow keys will help you select the operating system you prefer to start in Safe Mode. Press “F8” just as described for a single operating system.

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3. As the “Advanced Boot Options” screen appears, select the Safe Mode option you want using the arrow keys. As you make your selection, press “Enter“.

4. Log on to your computer using your administrator account

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While your computer is in Safe Mode, the words “Safe Mode” will appear in all four corners of your screen.

Step 1: Open the Start Menu

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Step 2: Whilst holding down Shift button, click on Power and then click on Restart.
Step 3: After reboot, the aftermentioned menu will appear. From there you should choose Troubleshoot.

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Step 4: You will see the Troubleshoot menu. From this menu you can choose Advanced Options.

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Step 5: After the Advanced Options menu appears, click on Startup Settings.

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Step 6: Click on Restart.
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Step 7: A menu will appear upon reboot. You should choose Safe Mode by pressing its corresponding number and the machine will restart.

2. Remove GozNym with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

2. Remove GozNym with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Install SpyHunter to scan for and remove GozNym.2. Scan with SpyHunter to Detect and Remove GozNym.
Step 1:Click on the “Download” button to proceed to SpyHunter’s download page.

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It is highly recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter.

Step 2: Guide yourself by the download instructions provided for each browser.
Step 3: After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to automatically update.

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Step1: After the update process has finished, click on the ‘Scan Computer Now’ button.
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Step2: After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any GozNym files, click on the ‘Fix Threats’ button to remove them automatically and permanently.
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Step3: Once the intrusions on your PC have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart it.

3. Back up your data to secure it against infections by GozNym in the future

3. Back up your data to secure it against attacks in the future

IMPORTANT! Before reading the Windows backup instructions, we highly recommend to back up your data automatically with cloud backup and insure it against any type of data loss on your device, even the most severe. We recommend reading more about and downloading SOS Online Backup .

To back up your files via Windows and prevent any future intrusions, follow these instructions:

1. For Windows 7 and earlier 1. For Windows 8, 8.1 and 10 1. Enabling the Windows Defense Feature (Previous Versions)

1-Click on Windows Start Menu
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2-Type Backup And Restore
3-Open it and click on Set Up Backup
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4-A window will appear asking you where to set up backup. You should have a flash drive or an external hard drive. Mark it by clicking on it with your mouse then click on Next.
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5-On the next window, the system will ask you what do you want to backup. Choose the ‘Let Me Choose’ option and then click on Next.
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6-Click on ‘Save settings and run backup’ on the next window in order to protect your files from possible attacks by .
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1-Press Windows button + R
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2-In the window type ‘filehistory’ and press Enter
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3-A File History window will appear. Click on ‘Configure file history settings’
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4-The configuration menu for File History will appear. Click on ‘Turn On’. After its on, click on Select Drive in order to select the backup drive. It is recommended to choose an external HDD, SSD or a USB stick whose memory capacity is corresponding to the size of the files you want to backup.
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5-Select the drive then click on ‘Ok’ in order to set up file backup and protect yourself from .

1- Press Windows button + R keys.
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2- A run windows should appear. In it type ‘sysdm.cpl’ and then click on Run.
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3- A System Properties windows should appear. In it choose System Protection.
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5- Click on Turn on system protection and select the size on the hard disk you want to utilize for system protection.
6- Click on Ok and you should see an indication in Protection settings that the protection from is on.
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Restoring a file via Windows Defense feature:
1-Right-click on the encrypted file, then choose Properties.
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2-Click on the Previous Versions tab and then mark the last version of the file.
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3-Click on Apply and Ok and the file encrypted by should be restored.

Optional: Using Alternative Anti-Malware Tools

Remove GozNym Using Other Alternative Tools

Malwarebytes Anti-MalwareSTOPZilla Anti Malware
1. Install Malwarebytes Anti-Malware to scan for and remove GozNym.
Step 1: Download Malwarebytes by clicking here.
Step 2: A pop-up window will appear. Click on the ‘Save File’ button. If it does not, click on the Download button and save it afterwards.
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Step 3: After you have downloaded the setup, simply open it.
Step 4: The installer should appear. Click on the ‘Next’ button.
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Step 5: Check the ‘I accept the agreement’ check circle if not checked if you accept it and click the ‘Next’ button once again.
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Step 6: Review and click on ‘Next’ on the following 4 steps that will appear afterwards and after that click on the ‘Install’ button.
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Step 7: After the installation process has completed click on the ‘Finish’ button and check the ‘Launch MalwareBytes AntiMalware’ check box.

2. Scan your PC with MalwareBytes to remove all GozNym associated files automatically.

Step 1: Launch MalwareBytes if you havent launched it after install.
Step 2: Wait for the software to update and then click on the blue ‘Scan Now’ button. If it doesnt start updating automatically, click on the blue ‘Update Now’ highlighted text.
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Step 3: At this point, after clicking the ‘Scan Now’ button, the system should start scanning your PC. It may take a while but be patient – it is worth it.
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Step 4: After the scan has been complete and all of the threats have been identified, click on the ‘Remove Selected’ button to delete them permanently.
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Step 5: Once the scan has completed, MalwareBytes will prompt you to restart your computer. It is recommended to save all your data you are working on before restarting.

1. Download and Install STOPZilla Anti-malware to Scan for And Remove GozNym.
Step 1: Download STOPZilla by clicking here.
Step 2: A pop-up window will appear. Click on the ‘Save File’ button. If it does not, click on the Download button and save it afterwards.
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Step 3: After you have downloaded the setup, simply open it.
Step 4: The installer should appear. Click on the ‘Next’ button.
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Step 5: Check the ‘I accept the agreement’ check circle if not checked if you accept it and click the ‘Next’ button once again.
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Step 6: Review and click on the ‘Install’ button.
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Step 7: After the installation process has completed click on the ‘Finish’ button.

2. Scan your PC with STOPZilla Anti Malware to remove all GozNym associated files completely.
Step 1: Launch STOPZilla if you haven’t launched it after install.
Step 2: Wait for the software to automatically scan and then click on the ‘Repair Now’ button. If it does not scan automatically, click on the ‘Scan Now’ button.
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Step 3: After the removal of all threats and associated objects, you should Restart your PC.

NOTE! Substantial notification about the GozNym threat: Manual removal of GozNym requires interference with system files and registries. Thus, it can cause damage to your PC. Even if your computer skills are not at a professional level, don’t worry. You can do the removal yourself just in 5 minutes, using a malware removal tool.
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Ventsislav Krastev

Ventsislav is a cybersecurity expert at SensorsTechForum since 2015. He has been researching, covering, helping victims with the latest malware infections plus testing and reviewing software and the newest tech developments. Having graduated Marketing as well, Ventsislav also has passion for learning new shifts and innovations in cybersecurity that become game changers. After studying Value Chain Management, Network Administration and Computer Administration of System Applications, he found his true calling within the cybersecrurity industry and is a strong believer in the education of every user towards online safety and security.

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