Home > Trojan > Dreambot Banking Trojan Malware – Detect and Remove It

Dreambot Banking Trojan Malware – Detect and Remove It

This post has been created to show you what is Dreambot banking malware, how to remove it completely from your computer after detecting it.

If you remember the Gozi banking trojan, chances are you may be familiar with the Dreambot malware as well, even though it just came out in the wild. This is because Dreambot is basically a modified version of the Gozi banking malware. The malware is spread via the RIG exploit kit which is basically Gozi. This virus is actively evolving and it’s latest infection is via the HookAds campaign, which is basically malicious advertising. Since there are no symptoms of this malware on your computer and it may steal your financial information, we advise you to read this article if you want to detect if it has been installed on your computer and remove it completely.

Threat Summary

Name Dreambot
Type Banking Trojan
Short Description Aims to collect financial or personal information and stay undetected for as long as possible.
Symptoms Modified registry entries and malicious files dropped in Windows system folders. Hidden processes.
Distribution Method Spam Emails, Email Attachments, Executable files
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware


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User Experience Join Our Forum to Discuss Dreambot.
Data Recovery Tool Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.

Dreambot – How Does It Infect

Researcher at Malware-Traffic-Analysis.net has detected the malicious advertising campaign to be spread only on adult websites that are often visited and well known. What happens is users who visit those adult websites and lack the proper ad-blocking software also get a pop-up or a redirect to another website form the HookAds malvertising chain. This web link may not only get information from your computer but may push the malware onto your computer via executing a malicious script that is interconnected with RIG exploit kit. This results in successfully infecting your computer, without you even noticing.

The worst part of this is that the IP addresses and host websites for infection connected to this advertising campaign are continuing to increase in numbers.

But this is not the only method of distributing the Dreambot malware. The virus can also be seen in e-mail, like the previously detected spam campaign of an older version of the malware, claiming the victim has been subpoenaed in court. The e-mails have malicious web link accompanied with the following message:

Dreambot Banking Malware – Analysis

The payload files of the Dreambot banking Trojan consist of a malicious executable file, combined with a flash exploit and few support files:

  • {random}.exe – main payload file.
  • {random}.tmp – RIG EK temporary file.
  • {random}.swf – the flash exploit.
  • {random}.php.txt – support php file of the exploit kit.

The Dreambot Trojan has multiple different types of functions in it’s malicious payload. For starters, the malware uses the onion network (TOR) to connect and perform numerous actions. The communication with the cyber-criminals behind Dreambot however has been identified by Proofpoint to be conducted via HTTP request which the bot makes once already infecting a computer. The bot also downloads the Tor client on the infected computer and somehow communicates via the onion network as well.

Among other activities of Dreambot are to create a random value string in the Windows registry sub-key Microsoft:

→ HKCU\Software\AppDataLow\Software\Microsoft\

The primary activity of this banking Trojan, just like any other banking malware out there is to gather financial information from your computer and send it to the cyber-criminals. For this purpose, it may even display phishing pages, for example:

Detect and Remove Dreambot Completely from Your Computer

If you want to detect and remove this malware, advices are to use a malware-specific software, since there are no symptoms that Dreambot is on your computer. You could go for manual removal by booting into safe mode and looking for the files by yourself, but there is no guarantee that this will completely remove the malware. Instead an advanced anti-malware tool should be used to scan for all objects and protect your computer by fully removing Dreambot, according to experts.

Ventsislav Krastev

Ventsislav is a cybersecurity expert at SensorsTechForum since 2015. He has been researching, covering, helping victims with the latest malware infections plus testing and reviewing software and the newest tech developments. Having graduated Marketing as well, Ventsislav also has passion for learning new shifts and innovations in cybersecurity that become game changers. After studying Value Chain Management, Network Administration and Computer Administration of System Applications, he found his true calling within the cybersecrurity industry and is a strong believer in the education of every user towards online safety and security.

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Preparation before removing Dreambot.

Before starting the actual removal process, we recommend that you do the following preparation steps.

  • Make sure you have these instructions always open and in front of your eyes.
  • Do a backup of all of your files, even if they could be damaged. You should back up your data with a cloud backup solution and insure your files against any type of loss, even from the most severe threats.
  • Be patient as this could take a while.
  • Scan for Malware
  • Fix Registries
  • Remove Virus Files

Step 1: Scan for Dreambot with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.

It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.

2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.

SpyHunter 5 Scan Step 1

3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.

SpyHunter 5 Scan Step 2

4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.

SpyHunter 5 Scan Step 3

If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.

Step 2: Clean any registries, created by Dreambot on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Dreambot there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.
Remove Virus Trojan Step 6

2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.
Remove Virus Trojan Step 7

3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
Remove Virus Trojan Step 8 Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

Step 3: Find virus files created by Dreambot on your PC.

1.For Windows 8, 8.1 and 10.

For Newer Windows Operating Systems

1: On your keyboard press + R and write explorer.exe in the Run text box and then click on the Ok button.

Remove Virus Trojan Step 9

2: Click on your PC from the quick access bar. This is usually an icon with a monitor and its name is either “My Computer”, “My PC” or “This PC” or whatever you have named it.

Remove Virus Trojan Step 10

3: Navigate to the search box in the top-right of your PC's screen and type “fileextension:” and after which type the file extension. If you are looking for malicious executables, an example may be "fileextension:exe". After doing that, leave a space and type the file name you believe the malware has created. Here is how it may appear if your file has been found:

file extension malicious

N.B. We recommend to wait for the green loading bar in the navigation box to fill up in case the PC is looking for the file and hasn't found it yet.

2.For Windows XP, Vista, and 7.

For Older Windows Operating Systems

In older Windows OS's the conventional approach should be the effective one:

1: Click on the Start Menu icon (usually on your bottom-left) and then choose the Search preference.

Remove Virus Trojan

2: After the search window appears, choose More Advanced Options from the search assistant box. Another way is by clicking on All Files and Folders.

Remove Virus Trojan Step 11

3: After that type the name of the file you are looking for and click on the Search button. This might take some time after which results will appear. If you have found the malicious file, you may copy or open its location by right-clicking on it.

Now you should be able to discover any file on Windows as long as it is on your hard drive and is not concealed via special software.

Dreambot FAQ

What Does Dreambot Trojan Do?

The Dreambot Trojan is a malicious computer program designed to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to a computer system.

It can be used to steal sensitive data, gain control over a system, or launch other malicious activities.

Can Trojans Steal Passwords?

Yes, Trojans, like Dreambot, can steal passwords. These malicious programs are designed to gain access to a user's computer, spy on victims and steal sensitive information such as banking details and passwords.

Can Dreambot Trojan Hide Itself?

Yes, it can. A Trojan can use various techniques to mask itself, including rootkits, encryption, and obfuscation, to hide from security scanners and evade detection.

Can a Trojan be Removed by Factory Reset?

Yes, a Trojan can be removed by factory resetting your device. This is because it will restore the device to its original state, eliminating any malicious software that may have been installed. Bear in mind, that there are more sophisticated Trojans, that leave backdoors and reinfect even after factory reset.

Can Dreambot Trojan Infect WiFi?

Yes, it is possible for a Trojan to infect WiFi networks. When a user connects to the infected network, the Trojan can spread to other connected devices and can access sensitive information on the network.

Can Trojans Be Deleted?

Yes, Trojans can be deleted. This is typically done by running a powerful anti-virus or anti-malware program that is designed to detect and remove malicious files. In some cases, manual deletion of the Trojan may also be necessary.

Can Trojans Steal Files?

Yes, Trojans can steal files if they are installed on a computer. This is done by allowing the malware author or user to gain access to the computer and then steal the files stored on it.

Which Anti-Malware Can Remove Trojans?

Anti-malware programs such as SpyHunter are capable of scanning for and removing Trojans from your computer. It is important to keep your anti-malware up to date and regularly scan your system for any malicious software.

Can Trojans Infect USB?

Yes, Trojans can infect USB devices. USB Trojans typically spread through malicious files downloaded from the internet or shared via email, allowing the hacker to gain access to a user's confidential data.

About the Dreambot Research

The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this Dreambot how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific trojan problem.

How did we conduct the research on Dreambot?

Please note that our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, thanks to which we receive daily updates on the latest malware definitions, including the various types of trojans (backdoor, downloader, infostealer, ransom, etc.)

Furthermore, the research behind the Dreambot threat is backed with VirusTotal.

To better understand the threat posed by trojans, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.

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