Home > Ransomware > Updated Cerber Ransomware _README_{RAND}_.hta Remove and Restore Encrypted Files

Updated Cerber Ransomware _README_{RAND}_.hta Remove and Restore Encrypted Files

cerber-ransomware-_readme_-hta-sensorstechforum-attention-encryption-2016The 1st of December marked the beginning of a new Cerber ransomware virus with several interesting changes. The ransomware again wants it’s victims to pay a hefty sum of 499$ to get back the files, which are encrypted via RSA-512 cipher in a RC4 encryption method. Cerber also goes back to it’s roots adding the old sound message, and adds a red ransom note accompanied by a sound message, just like the first version of Cerber did. In case you have been infected by this variant of the ransomware virus, we advise you read the following article to familiarize yourself with the virus, remove it and try to decrypt your files.

Threat Summary

Name Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta
Type Ransomware Virus
Short Description This Cerber _README_.hta ransomware variant encrypts files with the RSA-512 cipher and an RC4 encryption algorithm adding four randomly generated A-Z 0-9 characters(ex. .z33f) as a file extension to the encrypted files and asks a ransom payoff for decryption.
Symptoms Files are enciphered and become inaccessible by any type of software. A ransom note with instructions for paying the ransom shows as a “_README_{random}.hta” file. Also adds the following audio message after encryption:
Distribution Method Spam Emails, Email Attachments, File Sharing Networks, Malicious Executable in Torrent Trackers.
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware


Malware Removal Tool

User Experience Join our forum to Discuss Cerber Ransomware.
Data Recovery Tool Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.

Cerber _README_.hta December 2016 Variant – What Is New

Unlike the previous versions of Cerber which are with 3 digit versions (5.0.0, 5.0.1, 4.1.6, etc.), this version has a red wallpaper which it changes after the encryption and does not have a version, very similar to the first Cerber ransomware virus, which is also decryptable. The wallpaper it sets has the same message and leads to the very same Cerber Decryptor web page, asking 499$ but looks like the following:


This virus also uses the very same tactics the modern Cerber version use. It attacks computers via a phishing e-mail which aims to infect via an e-mail attachment, like the following example:

“Topic: Suspicious Bank Account Activity
Hello, we at your bank have been informed of a suspicious financial activity on your bank account. Please review the Document Number 3882-124442 from {date} for more information.
Best Regards
{Bank manager fake name}
{copied phone number}
{copied address of a bank office}”

What is new regarding how Cerber _README_.hta spreads are that it also takes advantage of the Tor network as well as Google to spread a malicious script that infects via a corrupt svchost32.exe fake process. This redirect via the Tor network proxies means that it is with higher difficulty to identify the infection hosts associated with the Cerber _README_.hta crypto virus.

Cerber _README_.hta – Activity After Infection

After infecting the user, not a lot is changed. Cerber ransomware begins to shut down the following system processes if they are active on the compromised computer:

→ bootsect.bak

But the malware does not stop there. The Cerber _README_.hta version also goes through a lot of troubles to shut down significant database processes to allow it to uninterruptedly encrypt databases:

→ msftesql.exe

If those processes are active, they will stop the virus from encrypting the databases, and this is the main reason they are shutdown in a force mode.

Regarding the file encryption, the Cerber _README_.hta iteration is focused on attacking even wider database of file extensions. Here are the file types that surely be encrypted on your computer if you have them there and become infected by this iteration:

→ ” .123″, ” .1cd”, “.3dm”, “.3ds”, “.3fr”, “.3g2”, “.3gp”, “.3pr”, “.602”, “.7z”, “.7zip”, “.aac”, “.ab4”, “.abd”, “.acc”, “.accdb”, “.accde”, “.accdr”, “.accdt”, “.ach”, “.acr”, “.act”, “.adb”, “.adp”, “.ads”, “.aes”, “.agdl”, “.ai”, “.aiff”, “.ait”, “.al”, “.aoi”, “.apj”, “.apk”, “.arc”, “.arw”, “.ascx”, “.asf”, “.asm”, “.asp”, “.aspx”, “.asset”, “.asx”, “.atb”, “.avi”, “.awg”, “.back”, “.backup”, “.backupdb”, “.bak”, “.bank”, “.bat”, “.bay”, “.bdb”, “.bgt”, “.bik”, “.bin”, “.bkp”, “.blend”, “.bmp”, “.bpw”, “.brd”, “.bsa”, “.bz2”, “.c”, “.cash”, “.cdb”, “.cdf”, “.cdr”, “.cdr3”, “.cdr4”, “.cdr5”, “.cdr6”, “.cdrw”, “.cdx”, “.ce1”, “.ce2”, “.cer”, “.cfg”, “.cfn”, “.cgm”, “.cib”, “.class”, “.cls”, “.cmd”, “.cmt”, “.config”, “.contact”, “.cpi”, “.cpp”, “.cr2”, “.craw”, “.crt”, “.crw”, “.cry”, “.cs”, “.csh”, “.csl”, “.csr”, “.css”, “.csv”, “.d3dbsp”, “.dac”, “.das”, “.dat”, “.db”, “.db3”, “.db_journal”, “.dbf”, “.dbx”, “.dc2”, “.dch”, “.dcr”, “.dcs”, “.ddd”, “.ddoc”, “.ddrw”, “.dds”, “.def”, “.der”, “.des”, “.design”, “.dgc”, “.dgn”, “.dif”, “.dip”, “.dit”, “.djv”, “.djvu”, “.dng”, “.doc”, “.docb”, “.docm”, “.docx”, “.dot”, “.dotm”, “.dotx”, “.drf”, “.drw”, “.dtd”, “.dwg”, “.dxb”, “.dxf”, “.dxg”, “.edb”, “.eml”, “.eps”, “.erbsql”, “.erf”, “.exf”, “.fdb”, “.ffd”, “.fff”, “.fh”, “.fhd”, “.fla”, “.flac”, “.flb”, “.flf”, “.flv”, “.forge”, “.fpx”, “.frm”, “.fxg”, “.gbr”, “.gho”, “.gif”, “.gpg”, “.gray”, “.grey”, “.groups”, “.gry”, “.gz”, “.h”, “.hbk”, “.hdd”, “.hpp”, “.html”, “.hwp”, “.ibank”, “.ibd”, “.ibz”, “.idx”, “.iif”, “.iiq”, “.incpas”, “.indd”, “.info”, “.info_”, “.iwi”, “.jar”, “.java”, “.jnt”, “.jpe”, “.jpeg”, “.jpg”, “.js”, “.json”, “.k2p”, “.kc2”, “.kdbx”, “.kdc”, “.key”, “.kpdx”, “.kwm”, “.laccdb”, “.lay”, “.lay6”, “.lbf”, “.lck”, “.ldf”, “.lit”, “.litemod”, “.litesql”, “.lock”, “.ltx”, “.lua”, “.m”, “.m2ts”, “.m3u”, “.m4a”, “.m4p”, “.m4u”, “.m4v”, “.ma”, “.mab”, “.map “.max”, “.mbx”, “.md”, “.mdb”, “.mdc”, “.mdf”, “.mef”, “.mfw”, “.mid”, “.mkv”, “.mlb”, “.mml”, “.mmw”, “.mny”, “.money”, “.moneywell”, “.mos”, “.mov”, “.mp3”, “.mp4”, “.mpeg”, “.mpg”, “.mrw”, “.ms11”, “.msf”, “.msg”, “.mts”, “.myd”, “.myi”, “.nd”, “.ndd”, “.ndf”, “.nef”, “.nk2”, “.nop”, “.nrw”, “.ns2”, “.ns3”, “.ns4”, “.nsd”, “.nsf”, “.nsg”, “.nsh”, “.nvram”, “.nwb”, “.nx2”, “.nxl”, “.nyf”, “.oab”, “.obj”, “.odb”, “.odc”, “.odf”, “.odg”, “.odm”, “.odp”, “.ods”, “.odt”, “.ogg”, “.oil”, “.omg”, “.one”, “.onenotec2”, “.orf”, “.ost”, “.otg”, “.oth”, “.otp”, “.ots”, “.ott”, “.p12”, “.p7b”, “.p7c”, “.pab”, “.pages”, “.paq”, “.pas”, “.pat”, “.pbf”, “.pcd”, “.pct”, “.pdb”, “.pdd”, “.pdf”, “.pef”, “.pem”, “.pfx”, “.php”, “.pif”, “.pl”, “.plc”, “.plus_muhd”, “.pm”, “.pm!”, “.pmi”, “.pmj”, “.pml”, “.pmm”, “.pmo”, “.pmr”, “.pnc”, “.pnd”, “.png”, “.pnx”, “.pot”, “.potm”, “.potx”, “.ppam”, “.pps”, “.ppsm”, “.ppsx”, “.ppt”, “.pptm”, “.pptx”, “.prf”, “.private”, “.ps”, “.psafe3”, “.psd”, “.pspimage”, “.pst”, “.ptx”, “.pub”, “.pwm”, “.py”, “.qba”, “.qbb”, “.qbm”, “.qbr”, “.qbw”, “.qbx”, “.qby”, “.qcow”, “.qcow2”, “.qed”, “.qtb”, “.r3d”, “.raf”, “.rar”, “.rat”, “.raw”, “.rb”, “.rdb”, “.re4”, “.rm”, “.rtf”, “.rvt”, “.rw2”, “.rwl”, “.rwz”, “.s3db”, “.safe”, “.sas7bdat”, “.sav”, “.save”, “.say”, “.sch”, “.sd0”, “.sda”, “.sdb”, “.sdf”, “.secret”, “.sh”, “.sldm”, “.sldx”, “.slk”, “.slm”, “.sql”, “.sqlite”, “.sqlite-shm”, “.sqlite-wal”, “.sqlite3”, “.sqlitedb”, “.sr2”, “.srb”, “.srf”, “.srs”, “.srt”, “.srw”, “.st4”, “.st5”, “.st6”, “.st7”, “.st8”, “.stc”, “.std”, “.sti”, “.stl”, “.stm”, “.stw”, “.stx”, “.svg”, “.swf”, “.sxc”, “.sxd”, “.sxg”, “.sxi”, “.sxm”, “.sxw”, “.tar”, “.tax”, “.tbb”, “.tbk”, “.tbn”, “.tex”, “.tga”, “.tgz”, “.thm”, “.tif”, “.tiff”, “.tlg”, “.tlx”, “.txt”, “.uop”, “.uot”, “.upk”, “.usr”, “.vb”, “.vbox”, “.vbs”, “.vdi”, “.vhd”, “.vhdx”, “.vmdk”, “.vmsd”, “.vmx”, “.vmxf”, “.vob”, “.vpd”, “.vsd”, “.wab”, “.wad”, “.wallet”, “.war”, “.wav”, “.wb2”, “.wk1”, “.wks”, “.wma”, “.wmf”, “.wmv”, “.wpd”, “.wps”, “.x11”, “.x3f”, “.xis”, “.xla”, “.xlam”, “.xlc”, “.xlk”, “.xlm”, “.xlr”, “.xls”, “.xlsb”, “.xlsm”, “.xlsx”, “.xlt”, “.xltm”, “.xltx”, “.xlw”, “.xml”, “.xps”, “.xxx”, “.ycbcra” “.yuv”, “.zip”

To encrypt those files the _README_.hta version of Cerber uses 5 blocks of code in the files which are encrypted, not the whole files. Those blocks are encrypted via the RC4 encryption method which generates a unique key the size of 256 bits. In addition to this, the ransomware also uses the cipher RSA (Rivest Shamir Adleman) algorithm with a strength of 512 bit to further increase encryption of the files. This encryption then generates a unique RSA key which may either be stored on the victim’s computer or be sent via POST traffic via port 6482 on the TCP and UDP protocols to IP addresses,, So far, it has not been established whether or not the sent information is encrypted, but this is likely the case.

Similar to other versions of Cerber, this one may also change the names of the encrypted files and render them useless. The files may appear like the following and completely non-recognizable:


After the encryption process is complete, Cerber changes the wallpaper to the new one and in addition to this adds a _README_.hta type of file with 4 random digits, similar to a unique ID for this specific infection. The file may look like the following:


Both the wallpaper and the _README_.hta file have a unique web-link which is Tor-based and focused on leading the victim to the genuine Cerber web page, demanding the user to pay approximately 500 dollars and giving a deadline with a countdown timer:


Cerber _README_.hta is also very careful when it comes to encrypting folder. The ransomware goes as far as whitelisting folders which it does not encrypt to keep the operating system in a working state:

→ \\documents and settings\\all users\\documents\\
\\microsoft sql server\\
\\the bat!\\

December 2016 Cerber Ransomware – Conclusion, Removal and File Restoration Tips

In case you happen to become an unfortunate victim of this iteration of Cerber ransomware, recommendations are not to focus on paying the ransom. This is not a guarantee your files will be gotten back to you, and furthermore, you support criminal entities in developing Cerber _README_.hta further as well as infecting more users. Instead, we advise following the below-mentioned instructions to remove the virus. In case you are having trouble in manually removing Cerber from your computer, advices are to do it automatically with an advanced anti-malware program which will take care of this threat for you swiftly and remove all of its objects created in various Windows folders and Windows Registry Edior as well.

After removing Cerber _README_.hta, we urge you to immediately create several copies of all the encrypted files that are important for you. Then, you can use one of those copies to try the traditional Cerber decryption instructions from this web link.

They are not for this version of Cerber and may not work, but you are welcome to attempt them and the alternative file restoration methods from step “2. Restore Files Encrypted by Cerber _README_.hta” below. They are also not 100% to succeed, but with the “Deep Scan” features of one of them, there is a chance you will restore some of your files if you haven’t reformatted your hard drive.

Ventsislav Krastev

Ventsislav is a cybersecurity expert at SensorsTechForum since 2015. He has been researching, covering, helping victims with the latest malware infections plus testing and reviewing software and the newest tech developments. Having graduated Marketing as well, Ventsislav also has passion for learning new shifts and innovations in cybersecurity that become game changers. After studying Value Chain Management, Network Administration and Computer Administration of System Applications, he found his true calling within the cybersecrurity industry and is a strong believer in the education of every user towards online safety and security.

More Posts - Website

Follow Me:

Attention! SensorsTechForum strongly recommends that all malware victims should look for assistance only by reputable sources. Many guides out there claim to offer free recovery and decryption for files encrypted by ransomware viruses. Be advised that some of them may only be after your money.

As a site that has been dedicated to providing free removal instructions for ransomware and malware since 2014, SensorsTechForum’s recommendation is to only pay attention to trustworthy sources.

How to recognize trustworthy sources:

  • Always check "About Us" web page.
  • Profile of the content creator.
  • Make sure that real people are behind the site and not fake names and profiles.
  • Verify Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter personal profiles.


with Anti-Malware
We recommend you to download SpyHunter and run free scan to remove all virus files on your PC. This saves you hours of time and effort compared to doing the removal yourself.
SpyHunter 5 free remover allows you, subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal for results found. Read EULA and Privacy Policy

Windows Mac OS X

How to Remove Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta from Windows.

Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta


Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

1. Hold Windows key() + R

2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.

3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".
Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.

4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.

5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.

Step 2: Uninstall Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta and related software from Windows

Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:

1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.

2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.

3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"
Follow the instructions above and you will successfully uninstall most programs.

Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.

2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.

3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

Step 4: Scan for Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.

It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.

2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.


3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.


4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.


If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.

Step 5 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta.

Ransomware infections and Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the reccomended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

Simply click on the link and on the website menus on top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.

Windows Mac OS X

Get rid of Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta from Mac OS X.

Step 1: Uninstall Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta and remove related files and objects

Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your Mac with SpyHunter for Mac
Keep in mind, that SpyHunter for Mac needs to purchased to remove the malware threats. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter’s EULA and Privacy Policy

1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:

2. Find Activity Monitor and double-click it:

3. In the Activity Monitor look for any suspicious processes, belonging or related to Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta:

Tip: To quit a process completely, choose the “Force Quit” option.

4. Click on the "Go" button again, but this time select Applications. Another way is with the ⇧+⌘+A buttons.

5. In the Applications menu, look for any suspicious app or an app with a name, similar or identical to Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta. If you find it, right-click on the app and select “Move to Trash”.

6: Select Accounts, after which click on the Login Items preference. Your Mac will then show you a list of items that start automatically when you log in. Look for any suspicious apps identical or similar to Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta. Check the app you want to stop from running automatically and then select on the Minus (“-“) icon to hide it.

7: Remove any left-over files that might be related to this threat manually by following the sub-steps below:

  • Go to Finder.
  • In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
  • Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
  • If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.

In case you cannot remove Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta via Step 1 above:

In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:

Disclaimer! If you are about to tamper with Library files on Mac, be sure to know the name of the virus file, because if you delete the wrong file, it may cause irreversible damage to your MacOS. Continue on your own responsibility!

1: Click on "Go" and Then "Go to Folder" as shown underneath:

2: Type in "/Library/LauchAgents/" and click Ok:

3: Delete all of the virus files that have similar or the same name as Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta. If you believe there is no such file, do not delete anything.

You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:

→ ~/Library/LaunchAgents

Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.

Click the button below below to download SpyHunter for Mac and scan for Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta:


SpyHunter for Mac

Step 3 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta.

Ransomware infections and Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the reccomended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

Simply click on the link and on the website menus on top, choose Data Recovery - Data Recovery Wizard for Windows or Mac (depending on your OS), and then download and run the tool.

Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta FAQ

What is Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware and how does it work?

Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.

Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithm how to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.

How does Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware infect my computer?

Via several ways.Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing e-mails, containing virus attachment.

This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.

After you download and execute this attachment, a drive-by download occurs and your computer is infected with the ransomware virus.

Another way, you may become a victim of Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.

How to open .Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta files?

You can't. At this point the .Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted.

Decryptor did not decrypt my data. What now?

Do not panic and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your .Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.

One way to restore files, encrypted by Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware is to use a decryptor for it. But since it's a new virus, advised that the decryption keys for it may not be out yet and available to the public. We will update this article and keep you posted as soon as this decryptor is released.

How Do I restore ".Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta" files (Other Methods)?

Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta files.

These methods are in no way 100% guarantee that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.

How do I get rid of Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware virus?

The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti malware software. It will scan for and locate Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta files.

Also, keep in mind that viruses like Cerber _README_{RAND}_.hta ransomware also install Trojans and keyloggers that can steal your passwords and accounts. Scanning your computer with an anti-malware software will make sure that all of these virus components are removed and your computer is protected in the future.

What to Do If nothing works?

There is still a lot you can do. If none of the above methods seem to work for you, then try these methods:

  • Try to find a safe computer from where you can can login on your own line accounts like One Drive, iDrive, Google Drive and so on.
  • Try to contact your friends, relatives and other people so that they can check if they have some of your important photos or documents just in case you sent them.
  • Also, check if some of the files that were encrypted it can be re-downloaded from the web.
  • Another clever way to get back some of your files is to find another old computer, a flash drive or even a CD or a DVD where you may have saved your older documents. You might be surprised what will turn up.
  • You can also go to your email account to check if you can send any attachments to other people. Usually what is sent the email is saved on your account and you can re-download it. But most importantly, make sure that this is done from a safe computer and make sure to remove the virus first.

More tips you can find on our forums, where you can also asks any questions about your ransomware problem.

How to Report Ransomware to Authorities?

In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer. Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:

Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:

Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.

  1. Victor Rij

    On 12 december 2016 I got the newest version of cerber on my PC. All my files were encrypted with the extensions 9150 file, I had a hell of a job to clean my PC with antimalware and super antispyware. I consider my files to be lost after some fruitless attempts to decipher them. When I started to remove them by searching for the 9150 string, I found that almost all the keys in the Programdata/ microsoft/ Crypto/ RSA /S-1-5-18 folder and in the Programdata/ microsoft/ Crypto /RSA /Machine folder, contained the 9150 string in a code string that looks like a normal microsoft code, is this coincidence or are these (system) keys somehow manipulated or created by cerber?? I found the same string in appdata roaming always within the same surrounding more complex code

    1. Vencislav Krustev

      Hello buddy!
      Glad you wrote us. We will try and help. Can you please send us the full string so we can do a check up on that? e-mail me at idunn0@abv.bg an encrypted file, the string and if you have a screenshot to see what version you’ve got hit by that’d be great. We receive a lot of e-mails, so make sure the subject is – “RANSOM-C” so that I know it’s you! Thanks in advance.

      1. Eduardo Tebes

        Hola yo fui infectado los primeros días de diciembre y mis archivos jpg cambiaron por B6D3, tengo archivos cifrados, tengo el mail con el virus, la nota de rescate, podras ayudarme?

        1. Vencislav Krustev

          Hola. At the moment, there is no decryption. Please save copies of the encrypted files in case a decryptor is released. In the meantime you may want to try the alternative tools from step “2. Restore files encrypted by Cerber…” . But backup the encrypted files first!

        2. Vencislav Krustev

          Hola, yo hablo espanol todo poquitto. Hablo en ingles?

          1. Eduardo Tebes

            Hola Vencislav, entiendo un poco de ingles, uso el traductor. Tengo archivos cifrados su nota de rescate y encontré en una carpeta lo que podría ser el archivo cifrado y el archivo original jpg,. Queres que te los mande por mail? Gracias por tu respuesta seguire esperando.

            Hello Vencislav, I understand a little English, use the translator. I have encrypted files on your rescue note and found in a folder what could be the encrypted file and the original jpg file. Do you want me to mail to you? Thank you for your answer, I’ll keep waiting.

          2. Vencislav Krustev

            Si, un email es idunn0@abv.bg (0-zero)

          3. Eduardo Tebes

            Ok te mande un mail, con la nota de rescate un archivo cifrado y uuno que seria el original del mismo, el mail dice archivos encriptados

            Ok I sent you an email, with the rescue note an encrypted file and one that would be the original of it, the mail says encrypted files

  2. soul badguy

    my laptop has been attacked by cerber ransomware extension.9c8b. PLs help me


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *