VegaLocker Ransomware — How to Remove It

VegaLocker Ransomware — How to Remove It

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This article will aid you to remove VegaLocker Ransomware. Follow the ransomware removal instructions provided at the end of the article.

VegaLocker Ransomware is one that encrypts your personal data with a strong cipher and demands money as a ransom to get it restored. The VegaLocker Ransomware will leave ransomware instructions as text file. Keep on reading the article and see how you could try to potentially recover some of your locked files and data.

Threat Summary

NameVegaLocker ransomware
TypeRansomware, Cryptovirus
Short DescriptionThe ransomware encrypts sensitive user files on your computer system and demands a ransom to be paid to allegedly recover them.
SymptomsThe ransomware will encrypt your files and leave a ransom note with payment instructions.
Distribution MethodSpam Emails, Email Attachments
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by VegaLocker ransomware


Malware Removal Tool

User ExperienceJoin Our Forum to Discuss VegaLocker ransomware.
Data Recovery ToolWindows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.

VegaLocker Ransomware – Distribution Techniques

The VegaLocker ransomware has been identified as a new threat in an ongoing attack campaign. It contains elements from several different threats which means that the hacker collective behind it has created a “fusion” of different viruses resulting in VegaLocker. This approach allows it to be spread using a wide variety of methods.

At the moment the bulk of the infections are done via vulnerability exploitation allowing the virus to access the target computers and use remote desktop software to login to them. Such attacks are primarily done in an automated manner which means that hundreds and potentially thousands of computers can be targeted at once.

Other delivery tactics can include the popular hacker strategies of sending out attached or linked files containing the VegaLocker ransomware in email phishing messages. They are sent to the targets by posing as legitimate notifications sent by well-known services and companies. The files will be advertised as important updates or installers that the users will need to run.

A similar mechanism is the creation of fake web sites which are created using a similar mechanism. They are made to copy the design, name, contents and other elements of well-known Internet pages and attempt to confuse the visitors into thinking that they have accessed a legitimate and safe domain. Similar sounding names and even security certificates may be used to make them seem as the real pages. Via the posted contents, links and multimedia elements the VegaLocker ransomware infection can be obtained.

Virus infections like this one can also be caused by interacting with malicious payload carriers, there are two popular variants:

  • Infected Application Installers — The criminals can embed the installation scripts in setup files of popular software that are often downloaded by end users. They are made by taking the original files from the vendors and adding in the virus installation code.
  • Infected Documents — The other mechanism is to create malicious documents that can be of any of the popular types: presentations, databases, spreadsheets and text documents. The virus installation code is made part of the macros that are inserted in them. When the documents are opened by the victim users a prompt will appear asking them to enable them which will lead to the infection.

Another large-scale strategy for delivering the VegaLocker ransomware is to make them part of the dropper programmed in browser hijackers. They are dangerous browser plugins which are widely available on the respective repositories. The criminal controllers will often use fake user reviews and developer credentials along with thrilling descriptions promising the users performance optimizations and new features addition.

VegaLocker Ransomware – Detailed Analysis

The code analysis reveals that the VegaLocker ransomware is programmed in the Delphi programming language and that it contains code from the Scarab ransomware family. It includes source code taken from other families as well: Amnesia, Gloverabe2 and etc. All of this leads to two primary possible causes:

  • Own Creation — It is proposed that the same collective that is behind the attacks is responsible for its creation. They have taken the source code of all of these malware families and created the custom code by themselves.
  • Custom Order — This thesis proposes that the VegaLocker ransomware is the result of a custom order on the dark underground markets. Once it is complete the hackers can use it to infect targets of their own choice.

Its interesting to note that it includes signature from a variety of different products, services and companies. This makes it very convenient to use with infected applications. The fact that these signatures are present can also bypass security software in certain cases. This is possible along with a dedicated module that is executed for this operation. Such include anti-virus software, virtual machine hosts, firewalls, debug environments and etc.

A list extracted from one of the captured samples reveals the following signatures under which it can be spread:

Habbo, Rebhip, The Qt Company Ltd, Microsoft Corporation, Delphi Libraries, SMART INSTALL MAKER, InnoSetup, James Jackson-South, Microsoft Visual C/C++ Libraries, libczmq3, Adobe Systems Incorporated, Mercury Interactive, NSIS, Splinterware Software Solutions and StockSharp LLC.

After the VegaLocker ransomware has been delivered it will start a series of scripts that will disable access to the boot recovery options. This makes manual user recovery guides no longer working as most of them rely on them.

Data deletion will also take place as the engine will scan and remove traces of System Restore Points, Backups and Shadow Volume Copies. When they have completed running the users will have to use a combination of an anti-spyware solution and data recovery program in order to effectively restore their systems.

What’s more dangerous is that this threat has been specifically programmed to evade virtual machine hosts. It will scan the memory and located any strings related to hypervisors or additions (such as drivers and utility software) that can reveal that the host is actually a part of a virtual machine installation. When such has been detected the virus will stop or may delete itself to avoid detection.

At this point the VegaLocker ransomware will have obtained the ability to modify all areas of the affected operating system. This will enable it to start even more processes, one of which is the data harvesting one. It is programmed to extract data that can be categorized into two main groups:

  • Personal Information — The retrieved information can be used to directly expose the identity of the victims by acquiring strings such as their name, address, phone number, interests and any stored account credentials.
  • Computer Information — The engine can harvest data about the computers which is useful for creating a distinct ID for each affected host. It is usually generated via an algorithm that takes its input from the user preferences, parts list of the installed hardware components and certain operating system environment values.

The next step is to cause changes to the Windows Registry. This means that not only the virus will insert values pertaining to itself, but also modify existing ones. This can lead to severe performance issues and the inability to launch certain programs or services. The affected software can exit with unexpected errors or behave improperly.

The ransomware has been found to be able to modify the Desktop.rdp configuration file which is used to configure the remote desktop sessions. This is especially useful when they are actively used by the hackers. The criminals need simply to add in their own account information which would allow them unrestricted access when Internet connectivity is available.

It has also been found to measure the computer’s performance which may be related to the ability to deliver additional payloads. Two of the most common ones are the following:

  • Trojan Horse Infections — They are one of the most dangerous consequences of ransomware infections. They will establish a secure connection to a hacker-controlled server. Through it the hackers can overtake control of the machines, retrieve data before they are encrypted and spy on the victims in real-time.
  • Cryptocurrency Miners — They will take advantage of the available system resources by computing complex mathematical tasks by downloading tasks from a special server called “pool”. The malicious script will watch the execution of the tasks and award digital currency when one of them is completed. The funds will be directly wired to their digital wallets.

It is very possible that future versions might use all of these instruments in order to carry out complex agenda. One of the most popular scenarios is to build a botnet network — it is used to recruit the infected computers to a worldwide network of “slaves”. They can be programmed to launch a rapid succession of network requests to a given host thus bringing it down. Large networks can be very effective against large companies or even government agencies.

VegaLocker Ransomware – Encryption Process

The VegaLocker ransomware will launch the relevant encryption operations when all modules have finished running. Like other similar threats it will use a built-in list of target file type extensions such as the following:

  • Backups
  • Archives
  • Databases
  • Images
  • Music
  • Videos

The ransomware note will be crafted in a file called Your files are now encrypted.txt which contains a message written in Russian:

Ваши документы, фотографии, базы данных, сохранения в играх и другие
важные данные были зашифрованы уникальным ключем, который находится
только у нас. Для восстановления данных необходим дешифровщик.
Восстановить файлы Вы можете, написав нам на почту:
Пришлите Ваш идентификатор TOKEN и 1-2 файла, размером до 1 Мб каждый.
Мы их восстановим, в доказательство возможности расшифровки.
После демонстрации вы получите инструкцию по оплате, а после оплаты
Вам будет отправлена программа-дешифратор, которая полностью восстановит все заблокированные файлы без потерь.
Если связаться через почту не получается:
Перейдите по ссылке: и скачайте
почтовый клиент. Установите почтовый клиент и создайте себе новый адрес
для отправки сообщений.
Напишите нам письмо на адрес: BM-2cVK1UBcUGmSPDVMo8TN7eh7BJG9jUVrdG
(с указанием Вашей почты) и мы свяжемся с Вами.
Не пытайтесь удалить программу или запускать антивирусные средства.
Попытки самостоятельной расшифровки файлов приведут к потере Ваших данных.
Дешифраторы других пользователей несовместимы с Вашими данными,
так как у каждого пользователя уникальный ключ шифрования.
Убедительная просьба писать людям, которые действительно заинтересованы в восстановлении файлов. Не следует угрожать и требовать дешифратор.
Жалобами заблокировав e-mail, Вы лишаете возможности расшифровать свои файлы остальных.

Remove VegaLocker Ransomware and Try to Restore Data

If your computer system got infected with the VegaLocker ransomware virus, you should have a bit of experience in removing malware. You should get rid of this ransomware as quickly as possible before it can have the chance to spread further and infect other computers. You should remove the ransomware and follow the step-by-step instructions guide provided below.


Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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