The Dextop screenlocker ransomware is a threat that not only locks the screen of the computers it infects and displays a threatening message, but also performs numerous other activities among which are modifying system files, deleting backups and modifying the Windows Registry Editor. In case you have become an unfortunate victim of the Dextop ransomware virus, we recommend reading this article and learning how to remove it and restore files that have been encrypted with the .locked file extension added.
|Short Description||The malware encrypts users files using an encryption algorithm and locks the screen, making direct decryption possible only via a unique decryption key available to the cyber-criminals.|
|Symptoms||The user may witness ransom notes and “instructions” linking to a web page and a decryptor. Changed file names and the file-extension .locked has been used.|
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|User Experience||Join our forum to Discuss Dextop.|
|Data Recovery Tool||Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.|
Dextop Ransomware – More Information
This threat, in proximity to other ransomware viruses may cause an infection in proximity to many other ransomware viruses out there – via spam e-mail. The threat may be downloaded via third-party infection file that is executed on the victim’s computer. Such files may come in different forms – as executable files as well as files that are documents with malicious macros that activate a script upon enabling. Such may also be in the form of fake installers or drive-by download links caused by malvertising campaigns that target unsuspecting users.
Dextop Ransomware – Infection Process
This screenlocker type of ransomware has not been so far related to any other malware threat out there, however the people who are behind it may have some experience in cyber-crime, more specifically ransomware viruses.
When the virus infects a given computer, it begins to execute malicious scripts. One of those may modify the Windows Registry Editor and hence create values with data in the Run and RunOnce sub-keys. These may allow the execution of this ransomware on the victim’s computer when Windows boots up.
After infecting a system, Dextop rasnsomware may also download it’s malicious payload, which is usually located in critical Windows folders.
Then, the virus may begin to encrypt files of the following type:
→ “PNG .PSD .PSPIMAGE .TGA .THM .TIF .TIFF .YUV .AI .EPS .PS .SVG .INDD .PCT .PDF .XLR .XLS .XLSX .ACCDB .DB .DBF .MDB .PDB .SQL .APK .APP .BAT .CGI .COM .EXE .GADGET .JAR .PIF .WSF .DEM .GAM .NES .ROM .SAV CAD Files .DWG .DXF GIS Files .GPX .KML .KMZ .ASP .ASPX .CER .CFM .CSR .CSS .HTM .HTML .JS .JSP .PHP .RSS .XHTML. DOC .DOCX .LOG .MSG .ODT .PAGES .RTF .TEX .TXT .WPD .WPS .CSV .DAT .GED .KEY .KEYCHAIN .PPS .PPT .PPTX ..INI .PRF Encoded Files .HQX .MIM .UUE .7Z .CBR .DEB .GZ .PKG .RAR .RPM .SITX .TAR.GZ .ZIP .ZIPX .BIN .CUE .DMG .ISO .MDF .TOAST .VCD SDF .TAR .TAX2014 .TAX2015 .VCF .XML Audio Files .AIF .IFF .M3U .M4A .MID .MP3 .MPA .WAV .WMA Video Files .3G2 .3GP .ASF .AVI .FLV .M4V .MOV .MP4 .MPG .RM .SRT .SWF .VOB .WMV 3D .3DM .3DS .MAX .OBJ R.BMP .DDS .GIF .JPG ..CRX .PLUGIN .FNT .FON .OTF .TTF .CAB .CPL .CUR .DESKTHEMEPACK .DLL .DMP .DRV .ICNS .ICO .LNK .SYS .CFG”Source:fileinfo.com
The files may or may not be encrypted and could have the .locked. They may appear like the following:
After locking the files on the computer, the virus displays a ransom note, that is similar to the police type of ransomware viruses, convicting innocent victims of committing online crimes:
THE DEXTOP IS LOCKED
Dear GB citizen, your dextop computer has been locked for commiting multiple crimes that violate GB law.
-Pornography of a disturbing nature
-Breaking copyright law
These broken laws are serious offenses. As a result, all files will be ceased when the designated time is over unless you gain an appeal licence key from the Metropolitan Police.
Do not attempt to close or remove the locking software from your PC. Only the authors and the Metropolitan Police hold the rights to do so. Removing the software manually will not only corrupt your personal data, but will make you criminally responsable for a vandalism of police equipment.
Time Until Removal:
1. Visit the appeal website. click to appeal
2. Enter the unlock key in the text field below
3. Click “Unlock” to recover your files
Remove Dextop Ransomware and Restore .locked Files
For the removal of Dextop ransomware, we advise you to follow our removal instructions below. They will help you to successfully get rid of the malware from your system by isolating it first. You can choose to follow the manual removal option, but experts strongly advise using and advanced anti-malware program to perform the removal of Dextop ransomware automatically and more efficient.
In case you have removed Dextop ransomware and are looking for methods to restore your files, we have several suggestions, mentioned in step “2. Restore files encrypted by Dextop” below. They are in no way fully efficient against this ransomware, but they may get some of your files back. Also, make sure to make copies of the encrypted files first and then test those copies with the methods, instead of the original encrypted files.
What is Dextop Ransomware?
Dextop is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.
Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithms to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.
Can Dextop Ransomware Cayse Damage?
Yes, ransomware can damage your computer. Ransomware is a malicious software that is designed to block access to your computer or files until a ransom is paid.
Ransomware can also damage your system, corrupt data and delete files, resulting in the permanent loss of important files.
Should I Ignore Viruses, Like Dextop?
No, you should never ignore ransomware. It can encrypt your data and block access to your computer, making it impossible to access your files until you pay a ransom.
Ignoring ransomware could lead to the permanent loss of your data, as well as the potential for the ransomware to spread to other computers on your network. Additionally, paying the ransom does not guarantee that your data will be recovered.
How Does Dextop Infect?
Via several ways.Dextop Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing emails, containing virus attachment.
This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.
After you download and execute this attachment, a drive-by download occurs and your computer is infected with the ransomware virus.
Another way you may become a victim of Dextop is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.
How to Open .Dextop files?
You can't. At this point, the .Dextop files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted using a specific decryptionkey for the particular algorithm.
What to Do If a Decryptor Does Not Work?
Do not panic, and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your .Dextop files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.
Can I Restore ".Dextop" Files?
Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .Dextop files.
These methods are in no way 100% guaranteed that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.
How To Get Rid of Dextop Virus?
The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti-malware program.
It will scan for and locate Dextop ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .Dextop files.
Also, keep in mind that viruses like Dextop ransomware also install Trojans and keyloggers that can steal your passwords and accounts.
What to Do If I Cant Get The Files Back?
There is still a lot you can do. If none of the above methods seem to work for you, then try these methods:
- Try to find a safe computer from where you can can login on your own line accounts like One Drive, iDrive, Google Drive and so on.
- Try to contact your friends, relatives and other people so that they can check if they have some of your important photos or documents just in case you sent them.
- Also, check if some of the files that were encrypted can be re-downloaded from the web.
- Another clever way is to find another old computer, a flash drive or even a CD or a DVD where you may have saved your older documents. You might be surprised what will turn up.
- You can also go to your email account to check if you can send any attachments to other people. Usually what is sent the email is saved on your account and you can re-download it. But most importantly, make sure that this is done from a safe computer and make sure to remove the virus first.
More tips you can find on our forums, where you can also asks any questions about your ransomware problem.
How to Report Ransomware to Authorities?
In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer.
Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:
Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:
Germany - Offizielles Portal der deutschen Polizei
United States - IC3 Internet Crime Complaint Centre
United Kingdom - Action Fraud Police
France - Ministère de l'Intérieur
Italy - Polizia Di Stato
Spain - Policía Nacional
Netherlands - Politie
Poland - Policja
Portugal - Polícia Judiciária
Greece - Cyber Crime Unit (Hellenic Police)
India - Mumbai Police - CyberCrime Investigation Cell
Australia - Australian High Tech Crime Center
Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.
Can You Stop Ransomware from Encrypting Your Files?
Yes, you can prevent ransomware. The best way to do this is to ensure your computer system is updated with the latest security patches, use a reputable anti-malware program and firewall, backup your important files frequently, and avoid clicking on malicious links or downloading unknown files.
Can Dextop Ransomware Steal Your Data?
Yes, in most cases ransomware will steal your information. It is a form of malware that steals data from a user's computer, encrypts it, and then demands a ransom in order to decrypt it.
Can Ransomware Infect WiFi?
Yes, ransomware can infect WiFi networks, as malicious actors can use it to gain control of the network, steal confidential data, and lock out users. If a ransomware attack is successful, it could lead to a loss of service and/or data, and in some cases, financial losses.
Should I Pay Ransomware?
No, you should not pay ransomware extortionists. Paying them only encourages criminals and does not guarantee that the files or data will be restored. The better approach is to have a secure backup of important data and be vigilant about security in the first place.
What Happens If I Don't Pay Ransom?
If you don't pay the ransom, the hackers may still have access to your computer, data, or files and may continue to threaten to expose or delete them, or even use them to commit cybercrimes. In some cases, they may even continue to demand additional ransom payments.
Why Is the Ransom Paid in Crypto?
Cryptocurrency is a secure and untraceable form of payment, making it the ideal choice for ransom payments. It is difficult to trace, and the transactions are almost instantaneous. This means it is nearly impossible for authorities to track the payment and recover the money.
Can Ransomware Attack Be Detected?
Yes, ransomware can be detected. Anti-malware software and other advanced security tools can detect ransomware and alert the user when it is present on a machine.
It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and to keep security software updated to ensure ransomware can be detected and prevented.
Do Ransomware Criminals Get Caught?
Yes, ransomware criminals do get caught. Law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, Interpol and others have been successful in tracking down and prosecuting ransomware criminals in the US and other countries. As ransomware threats continue to increase, so does the enforcement activity.
About the Dextop Research
The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this Dextop how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.
How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?
Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.
To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.
As a site that has been dedicated to providing free removal instructions for ransomware and malware since 2014, SensorsTechForum’s recommendation is to only pay attention to trustworthy sources.
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