The PoetRAT Trojan is a malware threat categorized as a remote control Trojan. This virus is known for being spread using email messages set against industry networks. After the infection has been made the PoetRAT Trojan can launch multiple dangerous modules, sabotage the networks and steal files. It is rated as an advanced Trojan and it can easily spread to large networks.
|Short Description||A dangerous malware which can launch different components and start a Trojan module.|
|Symptoms||The victims may notice performance issues and can get infected with other malware.|
|Distribution Method||Common distribution tactics and direct web attacks.|
|Detection Tool|| See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware |
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|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss PoetRAT Trojan.|
PoetRAT Trojan — Overview
The PoetRAT Trojan has been identified in a targeted campaign that is set against companies in the energy sector. Given the fact that the Trojan targets such networks and is in active distribution shows that the criminal collective behind it is experienced to have created it. It is very likely that the hackers have carefully reviewed how the companies worked in order to have devised a way to effectively infect them. According to the available information there have been many PoetRAT Trojan infected documents which use the typical macro strategy. The hackers will embed a small script that will lead to the virus installation in commonly used document formats: presentations, text documents, spreadsheets and databases. When they are opened by the intended victims a prompt will be shown to them asking for these scripts to be executed. This will activate the infection on the computer. Following the route of infection it appears that the PoetRAT Trojan campaign not only is set against the public and private computer networks, but also SCADA systems. They are primarily used in production environments.
The initial payload infections were caused by exploits, phishing email messages and a several scrips written in cross-platform programming languages. The campaign features several distinct messages, the first one appears to have been launched in February this year. It featured a series of blurred pictures which are presented to the victims. One of the pictures is a logo of the Defense Research and Development Organization of India. This will lure in the victims into interacting with it. This is also evident that the attackers also targets Indian companies and services. Two separate documents were sent in April this year which used Coronavirus themed contents. Links to hacker-created phishing sites and scripts using other methods and strategies have also been detected.
When the document scripts are started a special dropper will be started. It will load itself into memory and the whole malware package (in a ZIP container): a local Python interpreter and the actual code written in Python. The document will also download a separate script which will be launched triggering a security bypass feature. It is designed to check if the contaminated computer is not a sandbox or virtual machine. If this check passes as positive then the Trojan will delete itself in order to protect itself from discovery.
The Trojan will proceed by starting a local client module which will establish a connection to a hacker-controlled server allowing remote access and commands execution. There are several malicious actions which are run by the Trojan in accordance to the built-in sequence as devised by the hackers:
- System Information Gathering — This is done to gather important system information, operating system values and sensitive information about the victim users.
- Remote Command Execution — The hackers can trigger the running of local commands on the infected devices. This can range from system reconfiguration to sabotage.
The main purpose of the PoetRAT Trojan is to allow the hackers to overtake control of the machines and to start a complex infection process. A distinct part of this malware’s operation is the ability to deploy and run other post-exploitation tools. This includes an accessory program that will monitor the keystrokes and mouse movement of the users. This is used to steal credentials as they are entered on the various sites. The Trojan has also been found to be able to gather data recorded in the web browsers and other related tools.
The collected samples also feature other tools which can be used by the hackers during their remote hijack sessions — this includes an open-source program used to exploit the systems and lead to privilege escalation and a network scanning tool.
How to Remove PoetRAT Trojan
In order to fully remove PoetRAT from your computer system, we recommend that you follow the removal instructions underneath this article. If the first two manual removal steps do not seem to work and you still see PoetRAT or programs, related to it, we suggest what most security experts advise – to download and run a scan of your computer with a reputable anti-malware program. Downloading this software will not only save you some time, but will remove all of PoetRAT files and programs related to it and will protect your computer against such intrusive apps and malware in the future.
- Guide 1: How to Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of PoetRAT Trojan from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase PoetRAT Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate PoetRAT Trojan from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove PoetRAT Trojan
Step 2: Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by PoetRAT Trojan on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by PoetRAT Trojan there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of PoetRAT Trojan from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove PoetRAT Trojan via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove malware from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts, programs and malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase PoetRAT Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the PoetRAT Trojan will be removed.
Eliminate PoetRAT Trojan from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.