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Remove PoetRAT Trojan From Your PC

PoetRAT Trojan imageWhat is PoetRAT? How to remove PoetRAT Trojan from your PC or Mac?

The PoetRAT Trojan is a malware threat categorized as a remote control Trojan. This virus is known for being spread using email messages set against industry networks. After the infection has been made the PoetRAT Trojan can launch multiple dangerous modules, sabotage the networks and steal files. It is rated as an advanced Trojan and it can easily spread to large networks.

Threat Summary

Name PoetRAT Trojan
Type Malware, Trojan
Short Description A dangerous malware which can launch different components and start a Trojan module.
Symptoms The victims may notice performance issues and can get infected with other malware.
Distribution Method Common distribution tactics and direct web attacks.
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PoetRAT Trojan — Overview

The PoetRAT Trojan has been identified in a targeted campaign that is set against companies in the energy sector. Given the fact that the Trojan targets such networks and is in active distribution shows that the criminal collective behind it is experienced to have created it. It is very likely that the hackers have carefully reviewed how the companies worked in order to have devised a way to effectively infect them. According to the available information there have been many PoetRAT Trojan infected documents which use the typical macro strategy. The hackers will embed a small script that will lead to the virus installation in commonly used document formats: presentations, text documents, spreadsheets and databases. When they are opened by the intended victims a prompt will be shown to them asking for these scripts to be executed. This will activate the infection on the computer. Following the route of infection it appears that the PoetRAT Trojan campaign not only is set against the public and private computer networks, but also SCADA systems. They are primarily used in production environments.

The initial payload infections were caused by exploits, phishing email messages and a several scrips written in cross-platform programming languages. The campaign features several distinct messages, the first one appears to have been launched in February this year. It featured a series of blurred pictures which are presented to the victims. One of the pictures is a logo of the Defense Research and Development Organization of India. This will lure in the victims into interacting with it. This is also evident that the attackers also targets Indian companies and services. Two separate documents were sent in April this year which used Coronavirus themed contents. Links to hacker-created phishing sites and scripts using other methods and strategies have also been detected.

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When the document scripts are started a special dropper will be started. It will load itself into memory and the whole malware package (in a ZIP container): a local Python interpreter and the actual code written in Python. The document will also download a separate script which will be launched triggering a security bypass feature. It is designed to check if the contaminated computer is not a sandbox or virtual machine. If this check passes as positive then the Trojan will delete itself in order to protect itself from discovery.

The Trojan will proceed by starting a local client module which will establish a connection to a hacker-controlled server allowing remote access and commands execution. There are several malicious actions which are run by the Trojan in accordance to the built-in sequence as devised by the hackers:

  • System Information Gathering — This is done to gather important system information, operating system values and sensitive information about the victim users.
  • Remote Command Execution — The hackers can trigger the running of local commands on the infected devices. This can range from system reconfiguration to sabotage.
  • Files Manipulation & Theft — The malware can be used to steal files, delete them or edit the contents of important documents.
  • The main purpose of the PoetRAT Trojan is to allow the hackers to overtake control of the machines and to start a complex infection process. A distinct part of this malware’s operation is the ability to deploy and run other post-exploitation tools. This includes an accessory program that will monitor the keystrokes and mouse movement of the users. This is used to steal credentials as they are entered on the various sites. The Trojan has also been found to be able to gather data recorded in the web browsers and other related tools.

    The collected samples also feature other tools which can be used by the hackers during their remote hijack sessions — this includes an open-source program used to exploit the systems and lead to privilege escalation and a network scanning tool.

    How to Remove PoetRAT Trojan

    In order to fully remove PoetRAT from your computer system, we recommend that you follow the removal instructions underneath this article. If the first two manual removal steps do not seem to work and you still see PoetRAT or programs, related to it, we suggest what most security experts advise – to download and run a scan of your computer with a reputable anti-malware program. Downloading this software will not only save you some time, but will remove all of PoetRAT files and programs related to it and will protect your computer against such intrusive apps and malware in the future.

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    Martin Beltov

    Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer

    How to Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Windows.


    Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove PoetRAT Trojan

    OFFER

    Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
    We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

    Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

    1. Hold Windows key() + R


    2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.


    3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".
    Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.


    4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.


    5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.


    Step 2: Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan and related software from Windows

    Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:


    1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.


    2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.


    3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"
    Follow the instructions above and you will successfully uninstall most programs.


    Step 3: Clean any registries, created by PoetRAT Trojan on your computer.

    The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
    • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

    You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by PoetRAT Trojan there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

    1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.


    2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.


    3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
    Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

    IMPORTANT!
    Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
    This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

    Step 4: Scan for PoetRAT Trojan with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

    1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.


    It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.


    2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.

    SpyHunter5-update-2018


    3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.

    SpyHunter5-Free-Scan-2018


    4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.

    SpyHunter-5-Free-Scan-Next-2018

    If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.


    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer

    Get rid of PoetRAT Trojan from Mac OS X.


    Step 1: Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan and remove related files and objects

    OFFER
    Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
    We Recommend To Scan Your Mac with SpyHunter for Mac
    Keep in mind, that SpyHunter for Mac needs to purchased to remove the malware threats. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter’s EULA and Privacy Policy


    1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:


    2. Find Activity Monitor and double-click it:


    3. In the Activity Monitor look for any suspicious processes, belonging or related to PoetRAT Trojan:

    Tip: To quit a process completely, choose the “Force Quit” option.


    4. Click on the "Go" button again, but this time select Applications. Another way is with the ⇧+⌘+A buttons.


    5. In the Applications menu, look for any suspicious app or an app with a name, similar or identical to PoetRAT Trojan. If you find it, right-click on the app and select “Move to Trash”.


    6: Select Accounts, after which click on the Login Items preference. Your Mac will then show you a list of items that start automatically when you log in. Look for any suspicious apps identical or similar to PoetRAT Trojan. Check the app you want to stop from running automatically and then select on the Minus (“-“) icon to hide it.


    7: Remove any left-over files that might be related to this threat manually by following the sub-steps below:

    • Go to Finder.
    • In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
    • Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
    • If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.

    In case you cannot remove PoetRAT Trojan via Step 1 above:

    In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:

    Disclaimer! If you are about to tamper with Library files on Mac, be sure to know the name of the virus file, because if you delete the wrong file, it may cause irreversible damage to your MacOS. Continue on your own responsibility!

    1: Click on "Go" and Then "Go to Folder" as shown underneath:

    2: Type in "/Library/LauchAgents/" and click Ok:

    3: Delete all of the virus files that have similar or the same name as PoetRAT Trojan. If you believe there is no such file, do not delete anything.

    You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:

    → ~/Library/LaunchAgents
    /Library/LaunchDaemons

    Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.


    Step 2: Scan for and remove PoetRAT Trojan files from your Mac

    When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as PoetRAT Trojan, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. SpyHunter for Mac offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.


    Click the button below below to download SpyHunter for Mac and scan for PoetRAT Trojan:


    Download

    SpyHunter for Mac



    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


    Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Google Chrome.


    Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu


    Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"


    Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.


    Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.


    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


    Erase PoetRAT Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.

    Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window


    Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.


    Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"


    Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.



    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


    Uninstall PoetRAT Trojan from Microsoft Edge.


    Step 1: Start Edge browser.


    Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.


    Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".


    Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.


    Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.



    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


    Remove PoetRAT Trojan from Safari.


    Step 1: Start the Safari app.


    Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.


    Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".

    stf-safari preferences


    Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.

    stf-safari-extensions


    Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.


    Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.

    stf-safari uninstall

    A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the PoetRAT Trojan will be removed.


    How to Reset Safari
    IMPORTANT: Before resetting Safari make sure you back up all your saved passwords within the browser in case you forget them.

    Start Safari and then click on the gear leaver icon.

    Click the Reset Safari button and you will reset the browser.


    Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


    Eliminate PoetRAT Trojan from Internet Explorer.


    Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.


    Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'


    Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.


    Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.


    Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.


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