Defray 2018 Virus – How to Remove It (+Restore Encrypted Files) - How to, Technology and PC Security Forum | SensorsTechForum.com
THREAT REMOVAL

Defray 2018 Virus – How to Remove It (+Restore Encrypted Files)

This article will aid you to remove Defray 2018 Virus. Follow the ransomware removal instructions provided at the end of the article.

Defray 2018 Virus is one that encrypts your data and demands money as a ransom to get it restored. Files will receive the .***777 extension. The Defray 2018 Virus will leave ransomware instructions as a desktop wallpaper image. Keep on reading the article and see how you could try to potentially recover some of your locked files and data.

Threat Summary

NameDefray 2018
TypeRansomware, Cryptovirus
Short DescriptionThe ransomware encrypts files by placing the .***777 before the affected files on your computer system and demands a ransom to be paid to allegedly recover them.
SymptomsThe ransomware will encrypt your files and leave a ransom note with payment instructions.
Distribution MethodSpam Emails, Email Attachments
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by Defray 2018

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Malware Removal Tool

User ExperienceJoin Our Forum to Discuss Defray 2018.
Data Recovery ToolWindows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.

Defray 2018 Virus – Distribution Techniques

The Defray 2018 virus is a ransomware that is launched by an unknown group of hackers. The detected attack campaigns seem to target mainly English-speaking in a limited campaign. It is very possible that future releases will use use the most popular distribution methods.

A common strategy is to coordinate SPAM email messages that make use of phishing tactics. They are designed to appear as being sent by a well-known company or service and almost all scenarios will coerce the victims into opening the attached file or click on a link in the body contents. The design of the messages and text contents will be just like a regular notification. In most cases it my be very hard to distinguish between a real and a fake message.

The hackers can construct fake web pages that impersonate vendor download pages and popular web portals. The Defray 2018 virus files can be spread via other methods like file-sharing networks, one of the most popular places where the files can be spread is BitTorrent.

En-mass ransomware infections can also be spread by infecting other files and using them as payload carriers. A typical example is the use of documents of all popular type: spreadsheets, text documents, presentations and databases. Whenever they are opened a notification prompt will appear asking the users to enable the built-in scripts. If this is done they the scripts will download the payload from a remote server and execute it.

The other popular payload type is the malicious installer. The criminals will take the legitimate setup files of popular apps from the official sources and modify them to include the virus download code. After that they will spread as legitimate and safe downloads.

Large-scale campaigns make use of browser hijackers — malicious extensions made for the most popular web browsers. To coerce the victims into installing them the hackers will use fake developer credentials and user reviews. When they are installed on the computers typically changes to the installed browsers will take place — they will change the default options to redirect the users to a hacker-controlled page. Alongside this action the Defray 2018 virus will also be deployed.

Defray 2018 Virus – Detailed Analysis

Once the Defray 2018 virus is deployed it will initiate a typical ransomware infection behavior pattern. It appears to originate from an older release called “Defray” which shows that it might be made by the same hacker or criminal group. The captured samples appear to be early testing releases which can be updated in future campaigns.

The current version of the Defray 2018 virus includes only the bare ransomware module. We anticipate that future releases will include more components.

Future releases of the Defray 2018 virus can start with the information gathering module. It will scan the infected system for sensitive information that can be harvested. The first category of data is one that is related to the personal information of the victim user. The hackers can use it to expose their identity and conduct crimes such as identity theft or financial abuse. Example contents include the following: their real name, address, location and any stored username and password combinations.

The other type of data that is collected is related to the generation of an unique victim ID. It is usually made by creating a report of the installed hardware components, user configuration and regional settings.

This information can be used by the next module in the pattern — security bypass. It will scan the local contents for any security software that can interfere with the virus’s execution. Typically it will scan for apps like anti-virus, firewalls, debug environments and virtual machine hosts. Their real-time engines can be disabled or entirely removed. In some configurations if the virus is unable to do so it can remove itself to avoid detection.

At this point the Defray 2018 virus will be able to obtain full control of the infected machine. A list of the possible actions is the following:

  • Windows Registry Changes — The engine will modify values belonging both to the operating system and any third-party installed apps. This can make them inaccessible or cause severe performance issues.
  • Persistent Virus Installation — The ransomware threat may be installed in a way which will automatically start it once the computer boots. The additional danger here is that this step can disable access to certain recovery menu options. This will make most manual user removal instructions ineffective.
  • Additional Threats Installation — Active Defray 2018 ransomware infections can be used to deploy other malware. This is especially useful when the main threat has disabled the security software and has total system control.
  • Trojan Instance — The Defray 2018 virus can be used to load a Trojan virus infection. It will setup a secure and encrypted connection to a certain hacker-controlled server. It allows the operators to take over control of the infected hosts at any given time, hijack user data and also spy on the victims.

To make recovery more difficult the engine can also delete sensitive user data such as System Restore Points or Shadow Volume Copies. In these cases the hackers will need to use both an anti-spyware utility along with a data recovery software.

Defray 2018 Virus – Encryption Process

As soon as all modules have completed execution the encryption engine will be started. Like other malware it will use a built-in list of target file type extensions that will be processed with a strong cipher. The resulting data will be inaccessible and the victims will be blackmailed into a “decryption fee”. An example list will usually target the following data types:

  • Archives
  • Backups
  • Documents
  • Music
  • Videos
  • Photos
  • Databases

All processed files will be renamed with the .***777 extension. The following ransomware note will be created in folders where the ransomware process has been started — !!!_Read_Me_How_To_DeCrypt_Files_!!!.tXt. Its contents reads the following:

Hello, *****!
Don’t panic, read this and contact someone from IT department.
Your computer has been infected with a virus known as ransomware.
All files including your personal, confidential or business documents, backups and projects are encrypted.
We have also downloaded all information about your clients including their personal data.
If you want to restore all your files, avoid harm to your reputation (which may lead you to bankrupt), save your Intellectual property and personal data of your clients, you need to make the payment.
Otherwise, all you files including your customer’s information, will be posted on the Internet.
We can decrypt for you one of the files (about 50kb) for free, so you have no doubts in data security and possibility to restore the files any time.
After the full payment, all data will be restored on all computers of your network.
We accept payments in Bitcoin.
Make sure to make payment as soon as possible to avoid any penalty.
Don’t hesitate to contact us.
Our e-mail: *****@yandex.ru
In case we don’t respond to an email within one day, download application called BitMessage and reach to us for the fastest response.
BitMessage identity: BM-2cXL8BPGoPKnTvoUVGDwFXmUoQmkVdzsGm
BitMessage homelink: https://bitmessage.org
#################################################
This is custom developed ransomware, decrypter won’t be made by an antivirus company.
This one doesn’t even have a name.
It uses AES-256 for encrypting files, RSA-4096 for storing encrypted AES-256 password.
It’s written in C and have passed many quality assurance tests.
#################################################
IN ORDER TO PREVENT DATA DAMAGE:
– DO NOT MODIFY ENCRYPTED FILES
– DO NOT CHANGE DATA BELOW

Remove Defray 2018 Virus and Try to Restore Data

If your computer system got infected with the .***777 ransomware virus, you should have a bit of experience in removing malware. You should get rid of this ransomware as quickly as possible before it can have the chance to spread further and infect other computers. You should remove the ransomware and follow the step-by-step instructions guide provided below.

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Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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Windows Mac OS X

How to Remove Defray 2018 from Windows.


Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Defray 2018

OFFER

Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

1. Hold Windows key() + R


2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.


3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".
Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.


4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.


5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.


Step 2: Uninstall Defray 2018 and related software from Windows

Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:


1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.


2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.


3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"
Follow the instructions above and you will successfully uninstall most programs.


Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Defray 2018 on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Defray 2018 there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.


2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.


3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

IMPORTANT!
Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

Step 4: Scan for Defray 2018 with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.


It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.


2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.

SpyHunter5-update-2018


3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.

SpyHunter5-Free-Scan-2018


4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.

SpyHunter-5-Free-Scan-Next-2018

If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.

Step 5 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Defray 2018.

Ransomware infections and Defray 2018 aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the reccomended Data Recovery software by clicking on the link underneath:

If the above link does not work for you and your region, try the other two links below, that lead to the same product:

and

2. On the download page, click on the "Download" button:

3. Click on "Save File" button:

4. Accept all agreements and click "Next":

5. After all the "Next" steps, click on "Install" and then wait for the installation to complete:

6. Run the software. Click on the location to scan for missing or deleted files and click on "Scan":

7. Wait for the scan to complete, it may take some time. Be advised that this scan is not 100% guaranteed to recover all files, but it does have some chance to get your data back:


Windows Mac OS X

Get rid of Defray 2018 from Mac OS X.


Step 1: Uninstall Defray 2018 and remove related files and objects

OFFER
Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your Mac with SpyHunter for Mac
Keep in mind, that SpyHunter for Mac needs to purchased to remove the malware threats. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter’s EULA and Privacy Policy


1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:


2. Find Activity Monitor and double-click it:


3. In the Activity Monitor look for any suspicious processes, belonging or related to Defray 2018:

Tip: To quit a process completely, choose the “Force Quit” option.


4. Click on the "Go" button again, but this time select Applications. Another way is with the ⇧+⌘+A buttons.


5. In the Applications menu, look for any suspicious app or an app with a name, similar or identical to Defray 2018. If you find it, right-click on the app and select “Move to Trash”.


6: Select Accounts, after which click on the Login Items preference. Your Mac will then show you a list of items that start automatically when you log in. Look for any suspicious apps identical or similar to Defray 2018. Check the app you want to stop from running automatically and then select on the Minus (“-“) icon to hide it.


7: Remove any left-over files that might be related to this threat manually by following the sub-steps below:

  • Go to Finder.
  • In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
  • Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
  • If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.

In case you cannot remove Defray 2018 via Step 1 above:

In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:

Disclaimer! If you are about to tamper with Library files on Mac, be sure to know the name of the virus file, because if you delete the wrong file, it may cause irreversible damage to your MacOS. Continue on your own responsibility!

1: Click on "Go" and Then "Go to Folder" as shown underneath:

2: Type in "/Library/LauchAgents/" and click Ok:

3: Delete all of the virus files that have similar or the same name as Defray 2018. If you believe there is no such file, do not delete anything.

You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:

→ ~/Library/LaunchAgents
/Library/LaunchDaemons

Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.


Step 2: Scan for and remove Defray 2018 files from your Mac

When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as Defray 2018, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.


Step 3 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by Defray 2018 on your Mac.

Ransomware for Mac Defray 2018 aims to encode all your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decode, unless you pay money. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files, but only in some cases. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.

1. Download the recommended Data Recovery Mac app by clicking on the link underneath:


Defray 2018 FAQ

What is Defray 2018 ransomware and how does it work?

Defray 2018 is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files. Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithm how to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.

How does Defray 2018 ransomware infect my computer?

Defray 2018 Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing e-mails, containing virus attachment. This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users. After you download and execute this attachment, a drive-by download occurs and your computer is infected with the ransomware virus.

Another way, you may become a victim of Defray 2018 is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.

How to open .Defray 2018 files?

You can't. At this point the .Defray 2018 files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted.

Decryptor did not decrypt my data. What now?

If a decryptor did not decrypt your .Defray 2018 files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.

One way to restore files, encrypted by Defray 2018 ransomware is to use a decryptor for it. But since it's a new virus, advised that the decryption keys for it may not be out yet and available to the public. We will update this article and keep you posted as soon as this decryptor is released.

How Do I restore ".Defray 2018" files (Other Methods)?

We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .Defray 2018 files. These methods are in no way 100% guarantee that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.

How do I get rid of Defray 2018 ransomware virus?

The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti malware software. It will scan for and locate Defray 2018 ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .Defray 2018 files.

Also, keep in mind that viruses like Defray 2018 ransomware also install Trojans and keyloggers that can steal your passwords and accounts. Scanning your computer with an anti-malware software will make sure that all of these virus components are removed and your computer is protected in the future.

What to Do If nothing works?

If none of the above methods seem to work for you, then try these methods:

Try to find a safe computer from where you can can login on your own line accounts like One Drive, iDrive, Google Drive and so on.

Try to contact your friends relatives and other people so that they can check if they have some of your important photos or documents just in case you sent them.

Also, check if some of the files that were encrypted it can be re downloaded from the web.

Another clever way to get back some of your files is to find another old computer, a flash drive or even a CD or a DVD where you may have saved your older documents. You might be surprised what will turn up.

You can also go to your email account to check if you can send any attachments to other people. Usually what is sent the email is saved on your account and you can re-download it. But most importantly, make sure that this is done from a safe computer and make sure to remove the virus first.

More tips you can find on our forums, where you can also asks any questions about your ransomware problem.

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