The newly discovered .FREDD ransomware is configured to be a new variant of the Dharma/CrySiS family of threats. We presume that it is created by an inexperienced group of hackers as they have based it on the code base of a famous and well-known threat. It is very possible that the hackers hae created their own strain by modifying the original code or that they have made an order on the dark underground markets. Customization services are widely offered for a given price.
They are spread using the most common tactics such as the orchestration of phishing email messages that aim to confuse the recipients into thinking that they have received a legitimate message from a well-known company or service. When they click on any of the contents or attached files the .FREDD ransomware infection will happen.
A similar mechanism is the creation of malicious web sites which are hosted on similar sounding domain names to popular services and pages which are frequently accessed by end users: download portals, landing pages, search engines and etc. To facilitate a larger distribution campaign the virus installation scripts can also be placed inside various payload carriers. A main type is the setup file — the hackers may create infected installers of the most popular software that is downloaded and used by end users. The other type is the malicious document which can be of any of the popular file formats: presentations, text documents, databases and spreadsheets. When they are opened by the victims a notification will appear asking them to enable the built-in scripts. If this is done the infection will follow.
In some cases the criminals may also opt to use browser hijackers which are dangerous plugins made compatible with the most popular web browsers. They are frequently uploaded to their relevant repositories with fake user reviews and developer credentials.
As the .FREDD ransomware is descendant from the Dharma ransomware family it will contain a typical behavior pattern. We anticipate that as soon as the infection is made a preset number of typical components will be started in order to cause a series of dangerous actions to the compromised hosts. Some of them include the following:
- Data Harvesting — The ransomware is fully capable of searching for certain strings that can hijack both user data and machine information. This allows the criminals to conduct various crimes including identity theft and financial abuse. Furthermore the collection of machine information can enable a built-in algorithm to create an unique ID that can be assigned to each compromised host.
- Security Bypass — The .FREDD ransomware engine can be programmed like other samples that are derivative of the Dharma family to search for specific security software that will be disabled. The list of potentially affected programs includes anti-virus engines, firewalls, virtual machine hosts and etc.
- Persistent Installation — Some of the viruses can be configured to reprogram the initial settings and automatically start the virus as soon as the computer is booted. In some cases the virus will also opt to remove the possibility to enter into the recovery boot options which will render most manual user removal guides non-working.
- Additional Malware Deployment — The made .FREDD ransomware infections can be used as payload carriers for other threats including Trojans, hijackers and etc.
As soon as all modules have finished running the actual file encryption will start. It will make use of the built-in strong cipher which will process files according to a built-in list of target file type extensions. As a result of this operation all victim files will receive the .FREDD extension. Like other similar Dharma ransomware samples it will create a ransomware note which will coerce the victims into paying the hackers a decryption fee.
|Short Description||The ransomware encrypts files on your computer machine and demands a ransom to be paid to allegedly restore them.|
|Symptoms||The ransomware will blackmail the victims to pay them a decryption fee. Sensitive user data may be encrypted by the ransomware code.|
|Distribution Method||Spam Emails, Email Attachments|
|Detection Tool|| See If Your System Has Been Affected by .FREDD Ransomware |
Malware Removal Tool
|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss .FREDD Ransomware.|
|Data Recovery Tool||Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.|
.FREDD Ransomware – What Does It Do?
.FREDD Ransomware could spread its infection in various ways. A payload dropper which initiates the malicious script for this ransomware is being spread around the Internet. .FREDD Ransomware might also distribute its payload file on social media and file-sharing services. Freeware which is found on the Web can be presented as helpful also be hiding the malicious script for the cryptovirus. Read the tips for ransomware prevention from our forum.
.FREDD Ransomware is a cryptovirus that encrypts your files and shows a window with instructions on your computer screen. The extortionists want you to pay a ransom for the alleged restoration of your files. The main engine could make entries in the Windows Registry to achieve persistence, and interfere with processes in Windows.
The .FREDD Ransomware is a crypto virus programmed to encrypt user data. As soon as all modules have finished running in their prescribed order the lockscreen will launch an application frame which will prevent the users from interacting with their computers. It will display the ransomware note to the victims.
You should NOT under any circumstances pay any ransom sum. Your files may not get recovered, and nobody could give you a guarantee for that.
The .FREDD Ransomware cryptovirus could be set to erase all the Shadow Volume Copies from the Windows operating system with the help of the following command:
→vssadmin.exe delete shadows /all /Quiet
If your computer device was infected with this ransomware and your files are locked, read on through to find out how you could potentially restore your files back to normal.
Remove .FREDD Ransomware
If your computer system got infected with the .FREDD Files ransomware virus, you should have a bit of experience in removing malware. You should get rid of this ransomware as quickly as possible before it can have the chance to spread further and infect other computers. You should remove the ransomware and follow the step-by-step instructions guide provided below.
- Guide 1: How to Remove .FREDD Ransomware from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of .FREDD Ransomware from Mac OS X.
How to Remove .FREDD Ransomware from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove .FREDD Ransomware
Step 2: Uninstall .FREDD Ransomware and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by .FREDD Ransomware on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by .FREDD Ransomware there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Step 4: Scan for .FREDD Ransomware with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool
Step 5 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by .FREDD Ransomware.
Ransomware infections and .FREDD Ransomware aim to encrypt your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decrypt. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.
If the above link does not work for you and your region, try the other two links below, that lead to the same product:
Get rid of .FREDD Ransomware from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall .FREDD Ransomware and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove .FREDD Ransomware via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove .FREDD Ransomware files from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as .FREDD Ransomware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Step 3 (Optional): Try to Restore Files Encrypted by .FREDD Ransomware on your Mac.
Ransomware for Mac .FREDD Ransomware aims to encode all your files using an encryption algorithm which may be very difficult to decode, unless you pay money. This is why we have suggested a data recovery method that may help you go around direct decryption and try to restore your files, but only in some cases. Bear in mind that this method may not be 100% effective but may also help you a little or a lot in different situations.