THREAT REMOVAL

Loda Trojan Removal Guide — Restore Your PC From Infections

This article has been created in order to explain what is the Loda Trojan and how to remove this malware completely from your computer.

The Loda Trojan is a newly discovered dangerous Trojan that infects computers and can inject itself deep into the system. It contains advanced functionality which allows hackers to easily take over control of the machines. Our removal guide features a detailed explanation of the Trojan’s mechanisms of operation, as well as instructions on restoring the infected computers from the infections.

Threat Summary

NameLoda Trojan
TypeTrojan Horse Virus
Short DescriptionSilently infects the target machines and modifies key applications and system services.
SymptomsThe user may not experience any signs of infiltration.
Distribution MethodMalicious web links, Malicious Files, Malicious E-Mails
Detection Tool See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware

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User ExperienceJoin Our Forum to Discuss Loda Trojan.

Loda Trojan Overview

This is a revamped version of a previous generation malware called the Nymeria Trojan. Loda Trojan was one of the alternative names under which Nymeria was known however the recent update brings forth a lot of newer functionality and changes in the sequence. The virus has changed a lot and security researchers have observed a new attack campaign. This iteration of the Loda Trojan is written in AutoIT — a popular scripting language used for setting up scheduled tasks and running commands.

Related:
Remove Nymeria Trojan horse effectively. Follow the Nymeria Trojan removal instructions for the Trojan horse provided at the end of the article.
Remove Nymeria Trojan Horse

At this time the Loda Trojan is mainly distributed via infected office documents — they can be text documents, presentations, databases and spreadsheets or XML files. When opened by the victim users the built-in scripts will load another document (possibly from a remote host) which will contain an exploit. This will trigger the actual infection. In the current campaign the target countries are The United States, Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica.

Loda Trojan Capabilities

The recent versions of this Trojan are rated as dangerous due to the low detection ratio — the malware engine uses several obfuscation techniques at one. They have been placed in order to hide the virus from any security services and user-installed applications. One of the distinct ways through which this is done is the multiple step-by-step infection sequence. The victim users need only to launch a single macro-infected document to engage the complex chain of commans that will ultimately lead to the Loda Trojan installation.

The second document which will actually deploy the virus will attempt to exploit a vulnerability tracked in the CVE-2017-11882 advisory. This is an issue that is found within most of the unpatched contemporary versions of the Microsoft Office suite. The insecure installations will allow remote attackers to execute code by taking advantage of the way the application handles memory — an issue that is also known as a Memory Corruption Vulnerability.

Related:
Our Metamorfo Trojan removal guide shows how active infections of this virus can be detected and removed completely using several methods
Metamorfo Trojan Removal Guide — Restore Your PC From Infections

As soon as the Loda Trojan starts on a given host it will immediately unpack itself to the AppData directory of the local user thus making hard to detect. An unique identifier will be generated for each individual host — this will prevent discovery by ordinary black lists.

One oft the first actions which are run after the infection is started is to gather sensitive data from the contaminated machines. There are two categories of information which are hijacked:

  • Personal User Information — They will gather all data that may or may not include personal information about the victim users. This is commonly used to construct a profile allowing the hackers to conduct further crimes such as identity theft and financial abuse.
  • Machine Information — This includes detailed information about the installed hardware parts and the software configuration. Specific data includes operating system version information, the used architectures and the active usernames.

The Loda Trojan is also installed as a persistent infection — it will be launched every time the computer is powered on. This is done by adding in the necessary Windows Registry keys and a scheduled task as set in the operating system. The new version of the Loda Trojan now includes the ability to read thte contents of the main Filezilla FTP application if it is installed on the victim machine. This will allow the hackers to steal the credentials in the saved servers list. The security analysis also shows that it will run a command called QURAN which will stream music from a remote server. This is done via Windows Media Player using the MMS protocol which is no longer used.

We anticipate that other common functionality will also be included in the forthcoming and ongoing attacks — the ability to take over control of the contaminated hosts using a remote desktop function. This will allow the hackers to spy on the actions of the users, hijack their files and manipulate the user input.

There are several alternative signature names under which the Loda Trojan may also be detected:

  • Win.Packed.LokiBot-6963314-0
  • Doc.Exploit.Cve_2017_11882-7570663-1
  • Doc.Downloader.Loda-7570590-0

Remove Loda Effectively from Windows

In order to fully get rid of this Trojan, we advise you to follow the removal instructions underneath this article. They are made so that they help you to isolate and then delete the Loda Trojan either manually or automatically. If manual removal represents difficulty for you, experts always advise to perform the removal automatically by running an anti-malware scan via specific software on your PC. Such anti-malware program aims to make sure that the Loda is fully gone and your Windows OS stays safe against any future malware infections.

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Martin Beltov

Martin graduated with a degree in Publishing from Sofia University. As a cyber security enthusiast he enjoys writing about the latest threats and mechanisms of intrusion.

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Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer

How to Remove Loda Trojan from Windows.


Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Loda Trojan

OFFER

Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

Keep in mind, that SpyHunter’s scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read our SpyHunter 5 review. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria

1. Hold Windows key() + R


2. The "Run" Window will appear. In it, type "msconfig" and click OK.


3. Go to the "Boot" tab. There select "Safe Boot" and then click "Apply" and "OK".
Tip: Make sure to reverse those changes by unticking Safe Boot after that, because your system will always boot in Safe Boot from now on.


4. When prompted, click on "Restart" to go into Safe Mode.


5. You can recognise Safe Mode by the words written on the corners of your screen.


Step 2: Uninstall Loda Trojan and related software from Windows

Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it. To do that:


1. Hold the Windows Logo Button and "R" on your keyboard. A Pop-up window will appear.


2. In the field type in "appwiz.cpl" and press ENTER.


3. This will open a window with all the programs installed on the PC. Select the program that you want to remove, and press "Uninstall"
Follow the instructions above and you will successfully uninstall most programs.


Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Loda Trojan on your computer.

The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
  • HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Loda Trojan there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:

1. Open the Run Window again, type "regedit" and click OK.


2. When you open it, you can freely navigate to the Run and RunOnce keys, whose locations are shown above.


3. You can remove the value of the virus by right-clicking on it and removing it.
Tip: To find a virus-created value, you can right-click on it and click "Modify" to see which file it is set to run. If this is the virus file location, remove the value.

IMPORTANT!
Before starting "Step 4", please boot back into Normal mode, in case you are currently in Safe Mode.
This will enable you to install and use SpyHunter 5 successfully.

Step 4: Scan for Loda Trojan with SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool

1. Click on the "Download" button to proceed to SpyHunter's download page.


It is recommended to run a scan before purchasing the full version of the software to make sure that the current version of the malware can be detected by SpyHunter. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter's EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria.


2. After you have installed SpyHunter, wait for it to update automatically.

SpyHunter5-update-2018


3. After the update process has finished, click on the 'Malware/PC Scan' tab. A new window will appear. Click on 'Start Scan'.

SpyHunter5-Free-Scan-2018


4. After SpyHunter has finished scanning your PC for any files of the associated threat and found them, you can try to get them removed automatically and permanently by clicking on the 'Next' button.

SpyHunter-5-Free-Scan-Next-2018

If any threats have been removed, it is highly recommended to restart your PC.


Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer

Get rid of Loda Trojan from Mac OS X.


Step 1: Uninstall Loda Trojan and remove related files and objects

OFFER
Manual Removal Usually Takes Time and You Risk Damaging Your Files If Not Careful!
We Recommend To Scan Your Mac with SpyHunter for Mac
Keep in mind, that SpyHunter for Mac needs to purchased to remove the malware threats. Click on the corresponding links to check SpyHunter’s EULA and Privacy Policy


1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:


2. Find Activity Monitor and double-click it:


3. In the Activity Monitor look for any suspicious processes, belonging or related to Loda Trojan:

Tip: To quit a process completely, choose the “Force Quit” option.


4. Click on the "Go" button again, but this time select Applications. Another way is with the ⇧+⌘+A buttons.


5. In the Applications menu, look for any suspicious app or an app with a name, similar or identical to Loda Trojan. If you find it, right-click on the app and select “Move to Trash”.


6: Select Accounts, after which click on the Login Items preference. Your Mac will then show you a list of items that start automatically when you log in. Look for any suspicious apps identical or similar to Loda Trojan. Check the app you want to stop from running automatically and then select on the Minus (“-“) icon to hide it.


7: Remove any left-over files that might be related to this threat manually by following the sub-steps below:

  • Go to Finder.
  • In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
  • Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
  • If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.

In case you cannot remove Loda Trojan via Step 1 above:

In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:

Disclaimer! If you are about to tamper with Library files on Mac, be sure to know the name of the virus file, because if you delete the wrong file, it may cause irreversible damage to your MacOS. Continue on your own responsibility!

1: Click on "Go" and Then "Go to Folder" as shown underneath:

2: Type in "/Library/LauchAgents/" and click Ok:

3: Delete all of the virus files that have similar or the same name as Loda Trojan. If you believe there is no such file, do not delete anything.

You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:

→ ~/Library/LaunchAgents
/Library/LaunchDaemons

Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.


Step 2: Scan for and remove malware from your Mac

When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts, programs and malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.



Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


Remove Loda Trojan from Google Chrome.


Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu


Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"


Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.


Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.


Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


Erase Loda Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.

Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window


Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.


Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"


Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.



Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


Uninstall Loda Trojan from Microsoft Edge.


Step 1: Start Edge browser.


Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.


Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".


Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.


Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.



Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


Remove Loda Trojan from Safari.


Step 1: Start the Safari app.


Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.


Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".

stf-safari preferences


Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.

stf-safari-extensions


Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.


Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.

stf-safari uninstall

A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the Loda Trojan will be removed.


How to Reset Safari
IMPORTANT: Before resetting Safari make sure you back up all your saved passwords within the browser in case you forget them.

Start Safari and then click on the gear leaver icon.

Click the Reset Safari button and you will reset the browser.


Windows Mac OS X Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Microsoft Edge Safari Internet Explorer


Eliminate Loda Trojan from Internet Explorer.


Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.


Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'


Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.


Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.


Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.


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