Coms Virus (Dharma Ransomware)
Dharma ransomware is back with a new strain. This time hackers choose the name Coms for the threat. This name is a derivative of the malicious extension .coms that the ransomware appends to files it corrupts. Files encrypted by Coms virus files are inaccessible. The threat will also add a unique identification number and an email address as previous Dharma versions do. The ransomware drops a ransom note (FILES ENCRYPTED.txt), which gives instructions to victims on how to act to recover files.
Coms Virus Summary
|The ransomware encrypts files on your computer system and demands a ransom to be paid to allegedly recover them.
|The ransomware will encrypt your files by appending the Coms extension to them, along with a unique identification number placing the new Coms extension as a secondary.
|Spam Emails, Email Attachments, Suspicious Torrent Files
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Coms Virus – What Is It and How Did I Get It?
The Coms virus is a new malicious app that originates from the Dharma ransomware family. An unknown hacking group stands behind its release. Still, it is likely to follow the same attack pattern as some of its predecessors – Fresh, Bdev and Pirat.
Reports on previous ransomware samples based on the Dharma/CrySiS cryptovirus suggest that that the following distribution strategies may be misused for attack campaigns:
- Phishing Email Messages – Suspicious email messages sent by hackers. They can feature faked layouts, malicious attachments, and links.
- Payload Files – The virus code can be inserted in different types of files that could be downloaded and run from the Web. Another popular alternative is the creation of virus-infected program installers. They deliver executable files that contain the virus code.
- Websites and Internet Services – The Coms virus can be uploaded to different download portals or online communities including forums, social networks, chat rooms, etc. Hackers can misuse fake or stolen online accounts to promote the files in public or private conversations.
When the infection runs on a given computer, its attack flow begins. Many ransomware viruses tend to begin the infection by activating a local information gathering module. This module will scan the hard drive to generate a report of the installed hardware components. When hackers obtain this information, they receive the chance to hijack personal sensitive details and also to generate a unique ID for every infected computer.
The moment, Coms ransomware finishes the corruption of system components and their settings, it starts a component which encrypts user data. This component uses a very strong cipher. The list of files that are to be encrypted is very likely to contain all commonly used types of files. All processed files will receive the respective .coms extension. The victims will be blackmailed to pay a ransom decryption fee by looking at specially created text files or an instituted lock screen instance.
We recommend that active infections are removed as fast as possible to prevent further infections.
Remove Coms Virus Files (Dharma)
If your computer got infected with the Coms Virus, you should be experienced in removing malware manually. You should get rid of this ransomware as fast as possible before it can have the opportunity to spread further and infect more machines. You should remove the ransomware and follow the instructions guide provided with easy-to-follow steps below.
What is Coms Virus Ransomware?
Coms Virus is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.
Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithms to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.
What Does Coms Virus Ransomware Do?
Ransomware in general is a malicious software that is designed to block access to your computer or files until a ransom is paid.
Ransomware viruses can also damage your system, corrupt data and delete files, resulting in the permanent loss of important files.
How Does Coms Virus Infect?
Via several ways.Coms Virus Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing emails, containing virus attachment. This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.
Another way you may become a victim of Coms Virus is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.
How to Open .Coms Virus files?
You can't without a decryptor. At this point, the .Coms Virus files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted using a specific decryption key for the particular algorithm.
What to Do If a Decryptor Does Not Work?
Do not panic, and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your .Coms Virus files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.
Can I Restore ".Coms Virus" Files?
Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .Coms Virus files.
These methods are in no way 100% guaranteed that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.
How To Get Rid of Coms Virus Virus?
The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti-malware program.
It will scan for and locate Coms Virus ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .Coms Virus files.
Can I Report Ransomware to Authorities?
In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer.
Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:
Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:
Germany - Offizielles Portal der deutschen Polizei
United States - IC3 Internet Crime Complaint Centre
United Kingdom - Action Fraud Police
France - Ministère de l'Intérieur
Italy - Polizia Di Stato
Spain - Policía Nacional
Netherlands - Politie
Poland - Policja
Portugal - Polícia Judiciária
Greece - Cyber Crime Unit (Hellenic Police)
India - Mumbai Police - CyberCrime Investigation Cell
Australia - Australian High Tech Crime Center
Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.
Can You Stop Ransomware from Encrypting Your Files?
Yes, you can prevent ransomware. The best way to do this is to ensure your computer system is updated with the latest security patches, use a reputable anti-malware program and firewall, backup your important files frequently, and avoid clicking on malicious links or downloading unknown files.
Can Coms Virus Ransomware Steal Your Data?
Yes, in most cases ransomware will steal your information. It is a form of malware that steals data from a user's computer, encrypts it, and then demands a ransom in order to decrypt it.
Can Ransomware Infect WiFi?
Yes, ransomware can infect WiFi networks, as malicious actors can use it to gain control of the network, steal confidential data, and lock out users. If a ransomware attack is successful, it could lead to a loss of service and/or data, and in some cases, financial losses.
Should I Pay Ransomware?
No, you should not pay ransomware extortionists. Paying them only encourages criminals and does not guarantee that the files or data will be restored. The better approach is to have a secure backup of important data and be vigilant about security in the first place.
What Happens If I Don't Pay Ransom?
If you don't pay the ransom, the hackers may still have access to your computer, data, or files and may continue to threaten to expose or delete them, or even use them to commit cybercrimes. In some cases, they may even continue to demand additional ransom payments.
Can a Ransomware Attack Be Detected?
Yes, ransomware can be detected. Anti-malware software and other advanced security tools can detect ransomware and alert the user when it is present on a machine.
It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and to keep security software updated to ensure ransomware can be detected and prevented.
Do Ransomware Criminals Get Caught?
Yes, ransomware criminals do get caught. Law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, Interpol and others have been successful in tracking down and prosecuting ransomware criminals in the US and other countries. As ransomware threats continue to increase, so does the enforcement activity.
About the Coms Virus Research
The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this Coms Virus how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.
How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?
Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.
To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.
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