Update September 2019. Varenyky is a dangerous Trojan with spyware functionalities which also operates as a spambot. Security researchers believe that the Varenyky spambot is currently under heavy development meaning that it is going to evolve. At the heart of the Varenyky spambot operation is sextortion. The Trojan is designed to steal passwords, and spy on victims’ screen via FFmpeg when they watch adult content.
Varenyky also communicates with its command and control server via Tor, and the spam that activates the operation is sent via email.
|Short Description||Varenyky is a Trojan and a spambot that is currently distributed via phishing and spam emails.|
|Symptoms||The victims may not experience any apparent symptoms of infection.|
|Distribution Method||Spam emails and phishing.|
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|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss Varenyky.|
Varenyky Trojan and Spambot – Distribution Methods
According to WeLiveSecurity researchers, the Varenyky Trojan is currently targeting France, and more specifically, the users of Orange S.A., a French ISP. The main distribution channel of the spambot is phishing emails. The researchers came across a spam campaign that redirected to a survey and a bogus smartphone promotion. However, another campaign is relying on sextortion principles, and is spying on the victim’s screen while they are visiting adult websites.
One of the malicious documents that is distributing Varenyky is attached in an email states that a bill of €491.27 is available. Upon opening the supposed bill, the victim will be notified that the document is protected by Microsoft Word and needs human verification. In other words, the victim is prompted to enable macros.
It is curious to note that the macro detected in this Word document is using the function Application.LanguageSettings.LanguageID() to obtain the language ID of the victim’s computer.
“This ID contains the country and the language set by the user. The script checks if the value returned is 1036 in decimal (or 0x40C in hexadecimal) and according to the Microsoft documentation this value corresponds to France and the French language,” WeLiveSecurity researchers explained.
Varenyky Trojan – Technical Overview
As already mentioned, the Varenyky Trojan is currently targeting French victims via fake invoices in the form of Microsoft Word documents that prompt them to enable macros. When the potential victim opens the document and the macro is executed, the operation makes sure that the user is indeed French. If the victim is of other nationality, the malware operation ceases. If the French origin is confirmed, the malware will communicate with its command and control server to determine what components to download. Varenyky also installs a piece of software that steals passwords and spies on victims via FFmpeg when they are watching pornographic content online.
The Varenyky Trojan can also detect specific “trigger” keywords of sexual nature as well as websites (such as YouPorn, PornHub, and Brazzers. When any of these keywords is caught, the malware will record the computer’s screen via an FFmpeg executable. The recorded content is then sent to the command and control server. Obviously, the reason for recording the victim’s screen under these specific circumstances is sextortion and blackmail. It is also highly possible that Varenyky will be used in highly targeted campaigns.
Remove Varenyky Trojan
If your computer system got infected with the Varenyky Trojan, you should have a bit of experience in removing malware. You should get rid of this Trojan as quickly as possible before it gets the chance to spread further and infect other computers. Consider removing the Trojan immediately, and follow the step-by-step instructions available below.
Note! Your computer system may be affected by Varenyky and other threats.
Scan Your PC with SpyHunter
SpyHunter is a powerful malware removal tool designed to help users with in-depth system security analysis, detection and removal of Varenyky.
To remove Varenyky follow these steps:
Use SpyHunter to scan for malware and unwanted programs
- Guide 1: How to Remove Varenyky from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of Varenyky on Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove Varenyky in Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase Varenyky from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall Varenyky from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove Varenyky from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate Varenyky from Internet Explorer.
- Guide 8: Disable Varenyky Push Notifications in Your Browsers.
How to Remove Varenyky from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Varenyky
Step 2: Uninstall Varenyky and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Varenyky on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Varenyky there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of Varenyky from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall Varenyky and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove Varenyky via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove Varenyky files from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as Varenyky, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. SpyHunter for Mac offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove Varenyky from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase Varenyky from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall Varenyky from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove Varenyky from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the Varenyky will be removed.
Eliminate Varenyky from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.
Remove Push Notifications caused by Varenyky from Your Browsers.
Turn Off Push Notifications from Google Chrome
To disable any Push Notices from Google Chrome browser, please follow the steps below:
Step 1: Go to Settings in Chrome.
Step 2: In Settings, select “Advanced Settings”:
Step 3: Click “Content Settings”:
Step 4: Open “Notifications”:
Step 5: Click the three dots and choose Block, Edit or Remove options:
Remove Push Notifications on Firefox
Step 1: Go to Firefox Options.
Step 2: Go to “Settings”, type “notifications” in the search bar and click "Settings":
Step 3: Click “Remove” on any site you wish notifications gone and click “Save Changes”
Stop Push Notifications on Opera
Step 1: In Opera, press ALT+P to go to Settings
Step 2: In Setting search, type “Content” to go to Content Settings.
Step 3: Open Notifications:
Step 4: Do the same as you did with Google Chrome (explained below):
Eliminate Push Notifications on Safari
Step 1: Open Safari Preferences.
Step 2: Choose the domain from where you like push pop-ups gone and change to "Deny" from "Allow".