The BondUpdater Trojan is a dangerous weapon used against high-profile targets utilizing an unique infection mechanism. It is believed that the criminals behind it are highly experienced and are connected to a state-sponsored actor. Our article gives an overview of its behavior according to the collected samples and available reports, also it may be helpful in attempting to remove the virus.
|Short Description||The BondUpdater Trojan is a computer virus that is designed to silently infiltrate computer systems.|
|Symptoms||The victims may not experience any apparent symptoms of infection.|
|Distribution Method||Freeware Installations, Bundled Packages, Scripts and others.|
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|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss BondUpdater Trojan.|
BondUpdater Trojan – Distribution Methods
A new Trojan called BondUpdater has been identified to be spread by a hacking collective called OilRig. This group is believed to have ties to Iran is also known under various other names: Cobalt Gypsy, Crambus, Helix Kitten or PT34 became famous with its large-scale attacks against high-profile targets. It is reported that the hackers may be a state-sponsored group that is allied with the Iranian intelligence agency.
The BondUpdater Trojan is primarily distributed using SPAM email messages that appear as being sent by a legitimate sender. The hackers will spoof the credentials, layout and design elements in order to coerce the users into interacting with the dangerous contents. The targets are reported to be a “high-ranking office” located in a country in the Middle East. We have information about a campaign that makes use of macro-infected documents. The criminal collective embeds the malicious code into documents of all popular types: presentations, rich text documents, databases and spreadsheets. Once they are opened a prompt will appear asking the users to enable the built-in macros. If this is done the infection follow.
The analysis shows that the scripts will download and execute a PowerShell based payload dropper.
The fact that the hackers rely on a social engineering technique gives them the ability to use other related techniques in future or supplementary campaigns. Examples include the following:
- Fake Download Sites — The email messages can redirect to a counterfeit download that may appear as a legitimate vendor site or a famous Internet portals.
- Script Redirects — Various web elements can redirect the users to the download pages from where the BondUpdater Trojan can be acquired. Examples include banners, pop-ups, in-line links and ads.
BondUpdater Trojan – Detailed Description
As soon as the PowerShell dropper is started it will download the other modules necessary to execute the infection. It has been found to run for no more than 10 minutes, afterwards it will pause before running once again if required.
The captured samples have been found to download the main Trojan executable which will set up a secure connection to the hacker-controlled server. The network analysis shows this malware instance uses a very flexible approach to controlling the infected hosts. Among its features are the following characteristics:
- Two DNS Tunneling Variations — The BondUpdater Trojan has been found to contain two variations of code that uses the DNS tunneling protocol. The first one relies on DNS A records while the second one uses DNS TXT records.
- Custom Action Types — Depending on the specific victims conditions several different behavior patterns will be started.
- Additional Commands Arsenal — The security analysts state that this Trojan is particularly useful when infecting high-profile targets.
The analysis reveals that there is an interesting mechanism that is unique to this Trojan family — the command interpreter will check the file name of the TXT instruction files — a “1” value will instruct the engine to download file while “0” will run it. The fact that the communications can happen via the text files shows that it is unlikely that a signature-based analysis or automated security defenses can detect infections.
We presume that once the criminal controllers take over control of the infected systems they will initiate a series of hacker tactics. Usually one of the first modules that are launched is the data extraction one. It will automatically search the system for any strings that can expose the victim’s identity — their names, address, location, interests, phone number and any stored account credentials. The collected information can then be used for crimes such as financial abuse and identity theft. Other information that can harvested during this process includes one that may be used for campaign metrics — a report on the installed hardware components, user settings and operating system conditions.
It is very possible that the BondUpdater Trojan will also install itself as a persistent threat. This means that it will be set to automatically start once the computers are powered on. A related modification is the fact that such infections usually disable user-installed applications and system services. Another side effect is the inability to boot into the recovery boot menu.
Windows Registry modifications are also expected. The Trojan engine can create values for itself or modify already existing ones. If string belonging to the operating system are modified then the overall performance may drop. Changes to individual applications can disable certain functions.
Remove BondUpdater Trojan Trojan
If your computer system got infected with the BondUpdater Trojan Trojan, you should have a bit of experience in removing malware. You should get rid of this Trojan as quickly as possible before it can have the chance to spread further and infect other computers. You should remove the Trojan and follow the step-by-step instructions guide provided below.
Note! Your computer system may be affected by BondUpdater Trojan and other threats.
Scan Your PC with SpyHunter
SpyHunter is a powerful malware removal tool designed to help users with in-depth system security analysis, detection and removal of BondUpdater Trojan.
To remove BondUpdater Trojan follow these steps:
Use SpyHunter to scan for malware and unwanted programs
- Guide 1: How to Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of BondUpdater Trojan from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase BondUpdater Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall BondUpdater Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate BondUpdater Trojan from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove BondUpdater Trojan
Step 2: Uninstall BondUpdater Trojan and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by BondUpdater Trojan on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by BondUpdater Trojan there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of BondUpdater Trojan from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall BondUpdater Trojan and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove BondUpdater Trojan via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove BondUpdater Trojan files from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as BondUpdater Trojan, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. SpyHunter for Mac offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase BondUpdater Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall BondUpdater Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove BondUpdater Trojan from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the BondUpdater Trojan will be removed.
Eliminate BondUpdater Trojan from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.