The Topinambour Trojan is a dangerous malware threat which is designed for Microsoft Windows computers. It can be acquired from various sources, every attack campaign can focus on one specific tactic. Usually virus infections like this one are made by interacting with an infected file — this can be either a macro-infected document or a hacker-made software installer. They are often made by taking the legitimate files from their official sources and modifying them with the necessary virus code. Other data can also be affected. All kinds of other data may be used as well — this includes malicious plugins for web browsers and etc. In other cases the hackers can use a direct attacks that will look for system vulnerabilities and weaknesses. If any are found then the Topinambour Trojan will be installed.
This particular threat is known for being spread using a multitude of weaknesses. It is set against both end users and servers. After the infection has been made the Topinambour Trojan can download other threats, launch multiple dangerous modules and install a cryptocurrency miner which will run a sequence of performance-demanding tasks.
|Type||Malware, Trojan, Miner|
|Short Description||A dangerous malware which can launch a miner and start a Trojan module.|
|Symptoms||The victims may notice performance issues and can get infected with other malware.|
|Distribution Method||Common distribution tactics and direct web attacks.|
|Detection Tool|| See If Your System Has Been Affected by malware |
Malware Removal Tool
|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss Topinambour Trojan.|
Topinambour Trojan – How Did I Get It
The Topinambour Trojan is a Trojan horse infection which comes from the Turla hacking collective, one of the active criminal collectives which are believed to originate from Russia. They are known for conducting large-scale attacks against high-profile targets — they can range from government organisations to private enterprises located across the former Soviet Union nations, the Middle East, Europe, Asia and The Americas. The collective is known for conducting attacks its own tools which they develop from scratch. The newest one is called the Topinambour Trojan which is alternatively called Sunchoke. It has been used in attacks since the beginning of this year.
The main method which is used by the Turla group is to include the dangerous virus installation code in bundle installers of popular applications — they will take the legitimate bundles from their official sources and add in the necessary installation code. The necessary dropper will also include a small .NET-based shell which is used to command the infected host into running certain commands and also installing any third-party modules over the SMB protocol. The reason why this is chosen is because this protocol is widely used for sharing files over internal networks. The virus files can easily be hosted on rented virtual private servers (VPS). The latest samples appear to be hosted on a server located in South Africa.
Other prospective strategies used to deliver the Topinambour Trojan can be the following:
- Email Phishing Messages — The criminals can send messages to the target end users by posing as notifications that have been sent in by popular services or companies. The type of messages that they can include are templates of common emails: password reset reminders, update notifications, login prompts and etc. In any of them the associated infiltration code can be placed.
- Hacker-Made Sites — The criminals can create numerous sites which can lead to the malware infection. They can copy down the design and contents of well-known portals or landing pages and to further confuse visitors into thinking that they are safe the scam pages may be hosted on similar sounding domain names.
Alternatively the Topinambour Trojan may be carried by other malware infections or payload droppers. This would allow the hackers to infect only certain computers which adhere to specific conditions.
Topinambour Trojan – What Does It Do
The base code is able to establish the basic file operations attributed to most Trojans — downloading of other malicious components and the establishments of a secure connection to a given hacker-controlled server. This gives the hackers the ability to take over control of the given hosts and facilitate other malware actions as well.
To make sure that the Topinambour Trojan will institute all dangerous actions as instructed by its developers it will run every 30 minutes and recheck its configuration file. Some of the interesting characteristics that make it a formidable threat include the following:
- Stealth Deployment — Using a preset command the Topinambour Trojan can spread itself onto the host. This is done by dropping it to to a system location with a suitable name in order to mask the malware as part of the operating system.
- Masquerade Function — The dropped files can appear to the system as being activated by another process.
- Remote Shell Function — The made infections can be programmed to establish a secure tunnel connection to the target hosts. This allows the hackers to conduct all kinds of dangerous activity without making the victims aware.
Having such a Trojan infection will also leads to the execution of a data harvesting process — it can be used to collect sensitive information about both the victims and their machines. The extracted data can be used to carry out crimes such as identity theft and financial abuse.
How to Remove Topinambour Trojan
In order to fully remove Topinambour from your computer system, we recommend that you follow the removal instructions underneath this article. If the first two manual removal steps do not seem to work and you still see Topinambour or programs, related to it, we suggest what most security experts advise – to download and run a scan of your comptuer with a reputable anti-malware program. Downloading this software will not only save you some time, but will remove all of Topinambour files and programs related to it and will protect your computer against such intrusive apps and malware in the future.
- Guide 1: How to Remove Topinambour Trojan from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of Topinambour Trojan from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove Topinambour Trojan from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase Topinambour Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall Topinambour Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove Topinambour Trojan from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate Topinambour Trojan from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove Topinambour Trojan from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Topinambour Trojan
Step 2: Uninstall Topinambour Trojan and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Topinambour Trojan on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Topinambour Trojan there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of Topinambour Trojan from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall Topinambour Trojan and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove Topinambour Trojan via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove malware from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts, programs and malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. Combo Cleaner offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove Topinambour Trojan from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase Topinambour Trojan from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall Topinambour Trojan from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove Topinambour Trojan from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the Topinambour Trojan will be removed.
Eliminate Topinambour Trojan from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.