Kaspersky Lab researchers have discovered a new ransomware family deployed in targeted attacks against organizations. There are a couple of interesting things about this operation the payload of which is a slightly different Petya ransomware the researchers dubbed PetrWrap.
|Short Description||According to Kaspersky, PetrWrap is written in C and compiled in MS Visual Studio. It contains a sample of Petya v3 ransomware which is the payload of the operation.|
|Symptoms||Victim’s files are encrypted. The criminals used their own private and public keys.|
|Distribution Method||Organizations have been victimized in targeted attacks.|
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|Data Recovery Tool||Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.|
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Update June 2017! Learn more about the latest variant of Petya ransomware – Petya.A/ WannaCry – known to use the EternalBlue exploit deployed in the WannaCry outbreak. This new variant is currently active so be sure to inform yourself about its specifics.
Once in an organization’s network, the attackers used the PsExec tool to install the ransomware payload – on all endpoints and servers. But it’s not your typical Petya RaaS payload. PetrWrap has a special module that “patches the original Petya ransomware on the fly”.
PetrWrap Ransomware: Technical Overview
Kaspersky’s report indicates that the ransomware is written in C and compiled in MS Visual Studio. It contains a sample of Petya v3 ransomware which is the payload of the whole operation.
PetrWrap uses its own cryptographic routines and alters the code of Petya on runtime. This is done so that the execution is controlled and Petya is concealed during the infection process.
After being launched PetrWrap delays its execution (sleeps for 5400 seconds = 1.5 hours). Then it decrypts the main DLL of Petya from its data section and gets ready to call its exported function ZuWQdweafdsg345312. This function normally prepares Petya for further operations and starts the MBR overwrite process. PetrWrap, however, needs to hook a couple of Petya’s functions first, so it replaces the instructions that call Petya’s DllEntryPoint with NOPs (hex bytes 0x90). This prevents Petya from proceeding on its own and allows PetrWrap to make all the necessary computations and preparations before letting it continue.
In a normal Petya ransomware infection the ransomware would deploy a 16-byte key and the Salsa20 cipher to encrypt the MFT of the NTFS partitions on local drives. In the case of PetrWrap, the criminals used their own private and public keys. As a result, the ransomware uses the following cryptographic routines, as explained by Kaspersky’s researchers:
- PetrWrap contains an embedded public key master_pub;
- Upon each individual infection, the ransomware generates a new pair of session keys ec_session_priv + ec_session_pub;
- The ransomware computes ecdh_shared_digest = SHA512(ECDH(master_pub, ec_session_priv));
- Then it ‘Intercepts’ the salsa key generated by Petya and encrypts it using ecdh_shared_digest;
- Then it constructs user_id, a string representation that contains the encrypted salsa key and the ec_session_pub;
- Finally, it passes this user_id to Petya, which uses it as if it was its own data.
In a nutshell, PetrWrap accomplishes the following list of activities:
1. The victim’s machine is locked and the MFT of NTFS partitions is encrypted securely (because Petya v3 which is used in this attack doesn’t have flaws of the earlier versions and implements Salsa20 correctly);
2. The lockscreen doesn’t show the flashing skull animation and doesn’t contain any mentions of Petya which makes it harder to assess the situation and determine the extent of the caused damage;
3. The developers of PetrWrap didn’t have to write the low-level bootloader code and risk making mistakes similar to the ones observed in earlier versions of Petya.
Unfortunately, the strong encryption used by PetrWrap gets in the way of encryption. As Kaspersky researchers put it, “a decryption key is out of the question”. Victims of the ransomware are currently organizations but individuals may also be targeted. Ransomware is known to know no boundaries. If you have been victimized by PetrWrap, you could try and restore your files with third-party solutions but there is no guarantee they could work.
In the future, always remember to keep your system protected and your data properly backed up.
Spy Hunter scanner will only detect the threat. If you want the threat to be automatically removed, you need to purchase the full version of the anti-malware tool.Find Out More About SpyHunter Anti-Malware Tool / How to Uninstall SpyHunter
- Guide 1: How to Remove PetrWrap from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of PetrWrap from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove PetrWrap from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase PetrWrap from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall PetrWrap from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove PetrWrap from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate PetrWrap from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove PetrWrap from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove PetrWrap
Step 2: Uninstall PetrWrap and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by PetrWrap on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by PetrWrap there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of PetrWrap from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall PetrWrap and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove PetrWrap via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove PetrWrap files from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as PetrWrap, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. SpyHunter for Mac offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove PetrWrap from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase PetrWrap from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall PetrWrap from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove PetrWrap from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the PetrWrap will be removed.
Eliminate PetrWrap from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.