This article has been created in order to help you by explaining how to detect and remove the Prowli malware from your computer system and how to protect it against Prowli in the future.
A new malware, going by the name Prowli has been detected by security researchers. The malware aims to attack websites and inject cryptocurrency mining script which results in using a vast amount of resources from the victim’s computer to mine for cryptocurrencies. The bad news here is that Prowly spreads from computer to computer and this botnet has now infected over 40 000 devices, which include servers, modems and even IoT devices to turn them into cryptocurrency miner slaves.
|Type||A botnet which is also a Trojan and a CryptoCurrency Miner virus.|
|Short Description||Infects via servers that are corrupted as a result of exploiting different vulnerabilties.|
|Symptoms||Your computer performs slow and may freeze at times.|
|Distribution Method||Bundled downloads. Web pages which may advertise it.|
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|User Experience||Join Our Forum to Discuss Prowli Malware.|
Prowli Malware – Distribution
The main methods via which this botnet is spread on users computers are believed to be via several exploits that are attacking WordPres and other sites on ready platforms, such as:
- CVE-2018-7482 (Joomla! With K2 extension).
- CVE-2014-2623 (HP Data Protector servers).
- Well-known exploits used in brute-force attacks.
- Drupal and PhpMyAdmin installations.
- NFS boxes.
- Servers with unsecured SMB ports (brute-forcing).
The Prowli hackers also use an SHH type of module which scans the SSH connection and aims to try and guess the username and password of devices which expose their SSH ports on the web. From there, the attackers may attack of the devices connected to those servers to also infect them, which is likely what follows.
Prowli Botnet Malware – Activity
As soon as the servers have been compromised, the Prowli malware gathers system information from the devices that are compromised, icluding IoT devices. Such information can be:
- Processing power.
- Internet connection and network details.
- Video Card power.
- Drive space.
These details about the devices are sent to the hackers who are also known as the Prowli Group. They start to filter out the devices they believe cannot be used for cryptocurrency mining operations. After the targeted devices are designated for infection, the hackers send a cryptocurrency miner which performs SSH-based attack and expands the botnet automatically to those devices.
The mining operation is done by connecting the victim device to a Monero mining pool that is linked to a cryptocurrency wallet (of the cyber-criminals). A cryptocurrency mining pool (displayed on the image below) is the type of network that connects different devices or group of devices in this case to a common mining operation.
The mining operation includes using the processing power of the devices to calculate complex calculations in order to complete sets of data, called blocks. These blocks are rewared to all of the wallets used in the mining process including to the one that is linked to the compromised devices, which results in more money for the cyber-criminals as more systems become compromised. This is a newer tendency within the cryptojacking world of cyber-crime and it feeds on the logic “the more computers and devices get infected, the more money are made”. This means that the botnet and its worm method of infecting devices much faster than how it would manually be results in the malware spreading at an immense rate and generating a lot of Monero tokens to the crooks. So far, the Prowli operation has resulted in over 40 thousand devices to be compromised, most of which are in South America, North America and Asia.
Remove Prowli Malware from Your Devices
In general Prowli, attacks Windows-based systems, meaning that the botnet is not different than any other malware. For the infection, it uses an r2r2 worm and to be effectively removed from servers takes some skills and time. So if you have an IoT device or a Server that is compromised by this worm, it is strongly reccomended that you backup all the data and call IT support so that they can make sure the whole network is safe, because if a Server is compromised, the r2r2 worm may automatically propagate to other devices.
If your personal computer or any other Windows device that is not a server has been infected with this worm, we do recommend to remove it by isolating the threat and then deleting it’s malicious files. Since this takes some skill to do, security researchers recommend doing it automatically by using an advanced anti-malware software. It is guaranteed to help you delete all of the malicious files of this virus and ensure future protection in the same time.
- Guide 1: How to Remove Prowli Malware from Windows.
- Guide 2: Get rid of Prowli Malware from Mac OS X.
- Guide 3: Remove Prowli Malware from Google Chrome.
- Guide 4: Erase Prowli Malware from Mozilla Firefox.
- Guide 5: Uninstall Prowli Malware from Microsoft Edge.
- Guide 6: Remove Prowli Malware from Safari.
- Guide 7: Eliminate Prowli Malware from Internet Explorer.
How to Remove Prowli Malware from Windows.
Step 1: Boot Your PC In Safe Mode to isolate and remove Prowli Malware
Step 2: Uninstall Prowli Malware and related software from Windows
Here is a method in few easy steps that should be able to uninstall most programs. No matter if you are using Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista or XP, those steps will get the job done. Dragging the program or its folder to the recycle bin can be a very bad decision. If you do that, bits and pieces of the program are left behind, and that can lead to unstable work of your PC, errors with the file type associations and other unpleasant activities. The proper way to get a program off your computer is to Uninstall it.
Step 3: Clean any registries, created by Prowli Malware on your computer.
The usually targeted registries of Windows machines are the following:
You can access them by opening the Windows registry editor and deleting any values, created by Prowli Malware there. This can happen by following the steps underneath:
Get rid of Prowli Malware from Mac OS X.
Step 1: Uninstall Prowli Malware and remove related files and objects
1. Hit the ⇧+⌘+U keys to open Utilities. Another way is to click on “Go” and then click “Utilities”, like the image below shows:
- Go to Finder.
- In the search bar type the name of the app that you want to remove.
- Above the search bar change the two drop down menus to “System Files” and “Are Included” so that you can see all of the files associated with the application you want to remove. Bear in mind that some of the files may not be related to the app so be very careful which files you delete.
- If all of the files are related, hold the ⌘+A buttons to select them and then drive them to “Trash”.
In case you cannot remove Prowli Malware via Step 1 above:
In case you cannot find the virus files and objects in your Applications or other places we have shown above, you can manually look for them in the Libraries of your Mac. But before doing this, please read the disclaimer below:
You can repeat the same procedure with the following other Library directories:
Tip: ~ is there on purpose, because it leads to more LaunchAgents.
Step 2: Scan for and remove Prowli Malware files from your Mac
When you are facing problems on your Mac as a result of unwanted scripts and programs such as Prowli Malware, the recommended way of eliminating the threat is by using an anti-malware program. SpyHunter for Mac offers advanced security features along with other modules that will improve your Mac’s security and protect it in the future.
Remove Prowli Malware from Google Chrome.
Step 1: Start Google Chrome and open the drop menu
Step 2: Move the cursor over "Tools" and then from the extended menu choose "Extensions"
Step 3: From the opened "Extensions" menu locate the unwanted extension and click on its "Remove" button.
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Google Chrome by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Erase Prowli Malware from Mozilla Firefox.
Step 1: Start Mozilla Firefox. Open the menu window
Step 2: Select the "Add-ons" icon from the menu.
Step 3: Select the unwanted extension and click "Remove"
Step 4: After the extension is removed, restart Mozilla Firefox by closing it from the red "X" button at the top right corner and start it again.
Uninstall Prowli Malware from Microsoft Edge.
Step 1: Start Edge browser.
Step 2: Open the drop menu by clicking on the icon at the top right corner.
Step 3: From the drop menu select "Extensions".
Step 4: Choose the suspected malicious extension you want to remove and then click on the gear icon.
Step 5: Remove the malicious extension by scrolling down and then clicking on Uninstall.
Remove Prowli Malware from Safari.
Step 1: Start the Safari app.
Step 2: After hovering your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, click on the Safari text to open its drop down menu.
Step 3: From the menu, click on "Preferences".
Step 4: After that, select the 'Extensions' Tab.
Step 5: Click once on the extension you want to remove.
Step 6: Click 'Uninstall'.
A pop-up window will appear asking for confirmation to uninstall the extension. Select 'Uninstall' again, and the Prowli Malware will be removed.
Eliminate Prowli Malware from Internet Explorer.
Step 1: Start Internet Explorer.
Step 2: Click on the gear icon labeled 'Tools' to open the drop menu and select 'Manage Add-ons'
Step 3: In the 'Manage Add-ons' window.
Step 4: Select the extension you want to remove and then click 'Disable'. A pop-up window will appear to inform you that you are about to disable the selected extension, and some more add-ons might be disabled as well. Leave all the boxes checked, and click 'Disable'.
Step 5: After the unwanted extension has been removed, restart Internet Explorer by closing it from the red 'X' button located at the top right corner and start it again.