This article provides instructions on how to remove .DREAM file virus and presents alternative data recovery methods.
The name .DREAM file virus belongs to a newly discovered variant of GlobeImposter ransomware. The threat aims to encode files carriers of important information. Its name is associated with the specific extension it appends to each encrypted file .DREAM. After encryption the ransomware drops a ransom note on the compromised device. The note blackmails victims into contacting hackers by using a given email address – dream_dealer@aol(.)com. Hackers demand a ransom in exchange for .DREAM files decryption tool.
|DREAM file virus
|The ransomware virus encrypts files on your PC and drops a ransom note that demands payment for the decryption of .DREAM files.
|This ransomware will encrypt your files and then append the extension .DREAM on every encrypted file.
|Spam Emails, Email Attachments, Executable Files
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|Windows Data Recovery by Stellar Phoenix Notice! This product scans your drive sectors to recover lost files and it may not recover 100% of the encrypted files, but only few of them, depending on the situation and whether or not you have reformatted your drive.
.DREAM File Virus – Distribution
The malicious script that infects the system with .DREAM file virus could be spread across the net via various techniques. Hackers may try to trick you into infecting your system with the ransomware by sending you a spam email message which contains the malicious payload. Such emails may pose as representatives of popular services, websites or even governmental institutions. The emails usually attempt to provoke a sense of urgency and make you more prone to infect yourself with .DREAM ransomware.
Usually, the ransomware payload is hidden in an attached file or in the code of a web page link to which is presented in the text message. So if you download and open the infected file attachment or load the compromised web page in your web browser you will unintentionally trigger the ransomware payload on your system.
Social media and file-sharing sites may also be used for the delivery of .DREAM virus payload.
.DREAM File Virus – Infection Flow
The analyses conducted by security researchers reveal that .DREAM crypto virus is an infection that belongs to the GlobeImposter ransomware family. The threat has been released in active attack campaigns against online users worldwide.
.DREAM file virus is a complex threat that can compromise your operating system along with your important data. Once its payload is started on your PC it initiates a sequence of malicious actions. At first, it needs to create additional malicious files that support the completion of the attack. To do this, the ransomware may connect to its command and control server and drop some additional files on the computer. Those malicious files may be located in some important Windows folders like:
The ransomware may then access the Registry Editor to add malicious values under some specific sub-keys. It is likely that the threat is designed to corrupt the Run and RunOnce sub-keys as they manage the automatic execution of main system processes and startup programs on each system start. By adding malicious values under these keys .DREAM crypto virus ensures its persistent presence on the system.
Afterward, the threat drops a ransom note file How_to_back_files.html on the system. The text in this file does not provide information about the amount of the demanded ransom. There is only an option of contacting hackers at the email address firstname.lastname@example.org. You can send hackers one encrypted file and test their decryption tool. To obtain their decryption tool you should pay crooks a ransom fee.
Here is the text of their ransom message:
YOUR PERSONAL ID
YOUR FILES ARE ENCRYPTED!
TO DECRYPT, FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW.
To recover data you need decryptor.
To get the decryptor you should:
Send 1 crypted test image or text file or document to email@example.com
(Or alternate mail firstname.lastname@example.org)
In the letter include your personal ID (look at the beginning of this document).
We will give you the decrypted file and assign the price for decryption all files
After we send you instruction how to pay for decrypt and after payment you will receive a decryptor and
instructions We can decrypt one file in quality the evidence that we have the decoder.
Do not contact other services that promise to decrypt your files, this is fraud on their part! They will buy a decoder from us, and you will pay more for his services. No one, except email@example.com, will decrypt your files.
Only firstname.lastname@example.org can decrypt your files
Do not trust anyone besides email@example.com
Antivirus programs can delete this document and you can not contact us later.
Attempts to self-decrypting files will result in the loss of your data
Decoders other users are not compatible with your data, because each user‘s unique encryption key
Treat hackers’ promises with caution because there is no guarantee that their decryptor is able to decrypt your .DREAM files. Thus, it is recommended to avoid paying the ransom and try to deal with the problem with the help of some reliable and secure means.
.DREAM File Virus – Data Encryption
The .DREAM file virus utilizes strong cipher algorithm to encrypt predefined file types. First, the ransomware scans the system for files that are likely to store valuable information such as documents, videos, pictures, text files, databases, projects and other. Then it transforms their code and renders them unusable.
As the crypto virus modifies the original code of target files they become completely out of order after encryption. All encrypted files receive the specific extension .DREAM at the end of their names. Corrupted files remain unusable until a proper solution is applied for their recovery.
To prevent one of the available data recovery options, .DREAM ransomware deletes all Shadow Volume Copies stored in the Windows Operating System.
Remove Ransomware – Restore .DREAM Files
.DREAM file virus is a nasty infection that should be removed from the infected machine as soon as possible. Otherwise, it will keep obstructing regular access to valuable information. Only after the complete removal of all files and objects associated with .DREAM ransomware, the device can be used regularly again.
Тo remove .DREAM crypto virus just follow the step-by-step removal guide below which provides both manual and automatic approaches. Due to the complexity of ransomware code, security researchers recommend the help of advanced anti-malware tool.
Once you complete the removal, you could navigate to the alternative data recovery approaches presented in the guide. They may be useful for the restore of some .DREAM files. Be advised to back up all encrypted files to an external drive before you proceed with the recovery process.
DREAM file virus-FAQ
What is DREAM file virus Ransomware?
DREAM file virus is a ransomware infection - the malicious software that enters your computer silently and blocks either access to the computer itself or encrypt your files.
Many ransomware viruses use sophisticated encryption algorithms to make your files inaccessible. The goal of ransomware infections is to demand that you pay a ransom payment to get access to your files back.
What Does DREAM file virus Ransomware Do?
Ransomware in general is a malicious software that is designed to block access to your computer or files until a ransom is paid.
Ransomware viruses can also damage your system, corrupt data and delete files, resulting in the permanent loss of important files.
How Does DREAM file virus Infect?
Via several ways.DREAM file virus Ransomware infects computers by being sent via phishing emails, containing virus attachment. This attachment is usually masked as an important document, like an invoice, bank document or even a plane ticket and it looks very convincing to users.
Another way you may become a victim of DREAM file virus is if you download a fake installer, crack or patch from a low reputation website or if you click on a virus link. Many users report getting a ransomware infection by downloading torrents.
How to Open .DREAM file virus files?
You can't without a decryptor. At this point, the .DREAM file virus files are encrypted. You can only open them once they are decrypted using a specific decryption key for the particular algorithm.
What to Do If a Decryptor Does Not Work?
Do not panic, and backup the files. If a decryptor did not decrypt your .DREAM file virus files successfully, then do not despair, because this virus is still new.
Can I Restore ".DREAM file virus" Files?
Yes, sometimes files can be restored. We have suggested several file recovery methods that could work if you want to restore .DREAM file virus files.
These methods are in no way 100% guaranteed that you will be able to get your files back. But if you have a backup, your chances of success are much greater.
How To Get Rid of DREAM file virus Virus?
The safest way and the most efficient one for the removal of this ransomware infection is the use a professional anti-malware program.
It will scan for and locate DREAM file virus ransomware and then remove it without causing any additional harm to your important .DREAM file virus files.
Can I Report Ransomware to Authorities?
In case your computer got infected with a ransomware infection, you can report it to the local Police departments. It can help authorities worldwide track and determine the perpetrators behind the virus that has infected your computer.
Below, we have prepared a list with government websites, where you can file a report in case you are a victim of a cybercrime:
Cyber-security authorities, responsible for handling ransomware attack reports in different regions all over the world:
Germany - Offizielles Portal der deutschen Polizei
United States - IC3 Internet Crime Complaint Centre
United Kingdom - Action Fraud Police
France - Ministère de l'Intérieur
Italy - Polizia Di Stato
Spain - Policía Nacional
Netherlands - Politie
Poland - Policja
Portugal - Polícia Judiciária
Greece - Cyber Crime Unit (Hellenic Police)
India - Mumbai Police - CyberCrime Investigation Cell
Australia - Australian High Tech Crime Center
Reports may be responded to in different timeframes, depending on your local authorities.
Can You Stop Ransomware from Encrypting Your Files?
Yes, you can prevent ransomware. The best way to do this is to ensure your computer system is updated with the latest security patches, use a reputable anti-malware program and firewall, backup your important files frequently, and avoid clicking on malicious links or downloading unknown files.
Can DREAM file virus Ransomware Steal Your Data?
Yes, in most cases ransomware will steal your information. It is a form of malware that steals data from a user's computer, encrypts it, and then demands a ransom in order to decrypt it.
Can Ransomware Infect WiFi?
Yes, ransomware can infect WiFi networks, as malicious actors can use it to gain control of the network, steal confidential data, and lock out users. If a ransomware attack is successful, it could lead to a loss of service and/or data, and in some cases, financial losses.
Should I Pay Ransomware?
No, you should not pay ransomware extortionists. Paying them only encourages criminals and does not guarantee that the files or data will be restored. The better approach is to have a secure backup of important data and be vigilant about security in the first place.
What Happens If I Don't Pay Ransom?
If you don't pay the ransom, the hackers may still have access to your computer, data, or files and may continue to threaten to expose or delete them, or even use them to commit cybercrimes. In some cases, they may even continue to demand additional ransom payments.
Can a Ransomware Attack Be Detected?
Yes, ransomware can be detected. Anti-malware software and other advanced security tools can detect ransomware and alert the user when it is present on a machine.
It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and to keep security software updated to ensure ransomware can be detected and prevented.
Do Ransomware Criminals Get Caught?
Yes, ransomware criminals do get caught. Law enforcement agencies, such as the FBI, Interpol and others have been successful in tracking down and prosecuting ransomware criminals in the US and other countries. As ransomware threats continue to increase, so does the enforcement activity.
About the DREAM file virus Research
The content we publish on SensorsTechForum.com, this DREAM file virus how-to removal guide included, is the outcome of extensive research, hard work and our team’s devotion to help you remove the specific malware and restore your encrypted files.
How did we conduct the research on this ransomware?
Our research is based on an independent investigation. We are in contact with independent security researchers, and as such, we receive daily updates on the latest malware and ransomware definitions.
To better understand the ransomware threat, please refer to the following articles which provide knowledgeable details.
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